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ID: 10777.0, MPI für Astrophysik / High Energy Astrophysics at MPA
Neutrino trapping and accretion models for gamma-ray bursts
Authors:Di Matteo, T.; Perna, R.; Narayan, R.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Journal Abbrev.:Astrophys. J.
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:706
End Page:715
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Many models of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) invoke a central engine consisting of a black hole of a few solar masses accreting matter from a disk at a rate of a fraction to a few solar masses per second. Popham et al. and Narayan et al. have shown that, for (M) over dot greater than or similar to 0.1 M. s(-1), accretion proceeds via neutrino cooling and neutrinos can carry away a significant amount of energy from the inner regions of the disks. We improve on these calculations by including a simple prescription for neutrino transfer and neutrino opacities in such regions. We find that the flows become optically thick to neutrinos inside a radius R similar to 6R(S)-40 R-S for (M) over dot in the range of 0.1-10 M. s(-1), where R-S is the black hole Schwarzchild radius. Most of the neutrino emission comes from outside this region, and the neutrino luminosity stays roughly constant at a value L-nu similar to 10(53) ergs s(-1). We show that, for (M) over dot greater than or similar to 1 M. s(-1), neutrinos are sufficiently trapped that energy advection becomes the dominant cooling mechanism in the flow. These results imply that nu(ν) over bar annihilation in hyperaccreting black holes is an inefficient mechanism for liberating large amounts of energy. Extraction of rotational energy by magnetic processes remains the most viable mechanism.
Free Keywords:accretion; accretion disks; black hole physics; gamma rays : bursts; neutrinos; scattering
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astrophysik
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