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ID: 27223.0, MPI für molekulare Genetik / Department of Vertebrate Genomics
A Gene Mutated in Nephronophthisis and Retinitis Pigmentosa Encodes a Novel Protein, Nephroretinin, Conserved in Evolution
Authors:Otto, Edgar; Hoefele, Julia; Ruf, Rainer; Mueller, Adelheid M.; Hiller, Karl S.; Wolf, Matthias T. F.; Schuermann, Maria J.; Becker, Achim; Birkenhäger, Ralf; Sudbrak, Ralf; Hennies, Hans C.; Nürnberg, Peter; Hildebrandt, Friedhelm
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-08-29
Title of Journal:American Journal of Human Genetics
Journal Abbrev.:Am J Hum Genet
Issue / Number:5
Start Page:1161
End Page:1167
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Nephronophthisis (NPHP) comprises a group of autosomal recessive cystic kidney diseases, which constitute the most frequent genetic cause for end-stage renal failure in children and young adults. The most prominent histologic feature of NPHP consists of development of renal fibrosis, which, in chronic renal failure of any origin, represents the pathogenic event correlated most strongly to loss of renal function. Four gene loci for NPHP have been mapped to chromosomes 2q13 (NPHP1), 9q22 (NPHP2), 3q22 (NPHP3), and 1p36 (NPHP4). At all four loci, linkage has also been demonstrated in families with the association of NPHP and retinitis pigmentosa, known as "Senior-Løken syndrome" (SLS). Identification of the gene for NPHP type 1 had revealed nephrocystin as a novel docking protein, providing new insights into mechanisms of cell-cell and cell-matrix signaling. We here report identification of the gene (NPHP4) causing NPHP type 4, by use of high-resolution haplotype analysis and by demonstration of nine likely loss-of-function mutations in six affected families. NPHP4 encodes a novel protein, nephroretinin, that is conserved in evolutionfor example, in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. In addition, we demonstrate two loss-of-function mutations of NPHP4 in patients from two families with SLS. Thus, we have identified a novel gene with critical roles in renal tissue architecture and ophthalmic function.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Hans Lehrach
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Genetik
External Affiliations:Departments of Pediatrics and Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
Max-Delbrueck Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin-Buch, Germany.
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