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ID: 318110.0, MPI für Gravitationsphysik / Astrophysical Relativity
Accretion-induced quasinormal mode excitation of a Schwarzschild black hole
Authors:Nagar, Alessandro; Zanotti, Olindo; Font, Jose A.; Rezzolla, Luciano
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2007
Title of Journal:Physical Review D
Volume:75
Sequence Number of Article:044016
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:By combining the numerical solution of the nonlinear hydrodynamics equations with the solution of the linear inhomogeneous Zerilli-Moncrief and Regge-Wheeler equations, we investigate the properties of the gravitational radiation emitted during the axisymmetric accretion of matter onto a Schwarzschild black hole. The matter models considered include quadrupolar dust shells and thick accretion disks, permitting us to simulate situations which may be encountered at the end stages of stellar gravitational collapse or binary neutron star merger. We focus on the interference pattern appearing in the energy spectra of the emitted gravitational waves and on the amount of excitation of the quasinormal modes of the accreting black hole. We show that, quite generically in the presence of accretion, the black-hole ringdown is not a simple superposition of quasinormal modes, although the fundamental mode is usually present and often dominates the gravitational-wave signal. We interpret this as due to backscattering of waves off the nonexponentially decaying part of the black-hole potential and to the finite spatial extension of the accreting matter. Our results suggest that the black-hole QNM contributions to the full gravitational-wave signal should be extremely small and possibly not detectable in generic astrophysical scenarios involving the accretion of extended distributions of matter.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Bernhard F. Schutz
Affiliations:MPI für Gravitationsphysik/Astrophysical Relativity
Identifiers:URL:http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRD/v75/e044016
LOCALID:arXiv:gr-qc/061013
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