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ID: 455162.0, MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Portable Energy Systems
Electrochemical Oxidation of Carbon Containing Fuels and Their Dynamics in Low Temperature Fuel Cells
Authors:Krewer, U.; Vidakovic, T.; Rihko-Struckmann, L.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011
Title of Journal:ChemPhysChem
Volume:12
Issue / Number:14
Start Page:2518
End Page:2544
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Fuel cells can convert the energy that is chemically stored in a compound into electrical energy with high efficiency. Hydrogen could be the first choice for chemical energy storage, but its utilization is limited due to storage and transport difficulties. Carbon-containing fuels store chemical energy with significantly higher energy density, which makes them excellent energy carriers. The electro-oxidation of carbon-containing fuels without prior reforming is a more challenging and complex process than anodic hydrogen oxidation. The current understanding of the direct electro-oxidation of carbon-containing fuels in low temperature fuel cells is reviewed. Furthermore, this review
covers various aspects of electro-oxidation for carbon-containing fuels in non-steady-state reaction conditions. Such dynamic investigations open possibilities to elucidate detailed reaction kinetics, to sense fuel concentration, or to diagnose the fuel cell state during operation. Motivated by the challenge to decrease the consumption of fossil fuel, the production routes of the fuels from renewable resources also are reviewed.

Copyright © 1999–2011 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All Rights Reserved. [accessed October 7th 2011]
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Ulrike Krewer
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Portable Energy Systems
MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Physical and Chemical Process Engineering
External Affiliations:Otto-von-Guericke Universität
Fakultät für Verfahrenstechnik
Universitätsplatz 2
39106 Magdeburg
Identifiers:LOCALID:21/11
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201100095
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