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ID: 472557.0, MPI für molekulare Genetik / Department of Human Molecular Genetics
A distinctive gene expression fingerprint in mentally retarded male patients reflects disease-causing defects in the histone demethylase KDM5C
Authors:Jensen, Lars R.; Bartenschlager, Heinz; Rujirabanjerd, Sinitdhorn; Tzschach, Andreas; Nümann, Astrid; Janecke, Andreas R.; Spörle, Ralf; Stricker, Sigmar; Raynaud, Martine; Nelson, John; Hackett, Anna; Fryns, Jean-Pierre; Chelly, Jamel; de Brouwer, Arjan P. M.; Hamel, Ben; Gecz, Jozef; Ropers, Hans-Hilger; Kuss, Andreas W.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010-02-02
Title of Journal:Pathogenetics
Start Page:2
End Page:2
Copyright:© 2010 Jensen et al
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Background
Mental retardation is a genetically heterogeneous disorder, as more than 90 genes for this disorder has been found on the X chromosome alone. In addition the majority of patients are non-syndromic in that they do not present with clinically recognisable features. This makes it difficult to determine the molecular cause of this disorder on the basis of the phenotype alone. Mutations in KDM5C (previously named SMCX or JARID1C), a gene that encodes a transcriptional regulator with histone demethylase activity specific for dimethylated and trimethylated H3K4, are a comparatively frequent cause of non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation (NS-XLMR). Specific transcriptional targets of KDM5C, however, are still unknown and the effects of KDM5C deficiency on gene expression have not yet been investigated.

By whole-mount in situ hybridisation we showed that the mouse homologue of KDM5C is expressed in multiple tissues during mouse development.
We present the results of gene expression profiling performed on lymphoblastoid cell lines as well as blood from patients with mutations in KDM5C. Using whole genome expression arrays and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) experiments, we identified several genes, including CMKOR1, KDM5B and KIAA0469 that were consistently deregulated in both tissues.

Our findings shed light on the pathological mechanisms underlying mental retardation and have implications for future diagnostics of this heterogeneous disorder.
Comment of the Author/Creator:email:
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Version Comment:Automatic journal name synchronization
Communicated by:Hans-Hilger Ropers
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Genetik
External Affiliations:Department of Animal Breeding and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Department of Molecular Pathology, SA Pathology and Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Genetische Poliklinik, Klinikum der Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Division of Clinical Genetics, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
CHRU de Tours, Service de Génétique, 37000 Tours; INSERM U930, 37000 Tours, France
Genetic Services of Western Australia, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
The GOLD Service, Hunter Genetics, Waratah, New South Wales, Australia
Centre for Human Genetics, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Institut Cochin de Génétique Moléculaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris, France
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Department of Paediatrics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
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