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ID: 60234.0, MPI für Gravitationsphysik / Astrophysical Relativity
Gravitational waves from pulsating stars: Evolving the perturbation equations for a relativistic star
Authors:Allen, Gabrielle; Andersson, Nils; Kokkotas, Kostas D.; Schutz, Bernard F.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):1998-12-15
Title of Journal:Physical Review D
Volume:58
Issue / Number:12
Sequence Number of Article:124012
Review Status:not specified
Abstract / Description:We consider the perturbations of a relativistic star as an initial-value problem. Having discussed the formulation of the problem (the perturbation equations and the appropriate boundary conditions at the centre and the surface of the star) in detail we evolve the equations numerically from several different sets of initial data. In all the considered cases we find that the resulting gravitational waves carry the signature of several of the star's pulsation modes. Typically, the fluid $f$-mode, the first two $p$-modes and the slowest damped gravitational $w$-mode are present in the signal. This indicates that the pulsation modes may be an interesting source for detectable gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars or supernovae. We also survey the literature and find several indications of mode presence in numerical simulations of rotating core collapse and coalescing neutron stars. If such mode-signals can be detected by future gravitational-wave antennae one can hope to infer detailed information about neutron stars. Since a perturbation evolution should adequately describe the late time behaviour of a dynamically excited neutron star, the present work can also be used as a bench-mark test for future fully nonlinear simulations.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Bernhard F. Schutz
Affiliations:MPI für Gravitationsphysik/Astrophysical Relativity
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