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          Institute: MPI für extraterrestrische Physik     Collection: Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy     Display Documents

ID: 10473.0, MPI für extraterrestrische Physik / Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy
Evolution of very small particles in the southern part of Orion B observed by ISOCAM
Authors:Abergel, A.; Bernard, J. P.; Boulanger, F.; Cesarsky, D.; Falgarone, E.; Jones, A.; Miville-Deschenes, M.-A.; Perault, M.; Puget, J.-L.; Huldtgren, M.; Kaas, A. A.; Nordh, L.; Olofsson, G.; Andre, P.; Bontemps, S.; Casali, M. M.; Cesarsky, C. J.; Copet, M. E.; Davies, J.; Montmerle, T.; Persi, P.; Sibille, F.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-07
Title of Journal:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Journal Abbrev.:Astron. Astrophys.
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:239
End Page:251
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We present ISOCAM observations (5-18 mum) of the southern part of Orion B, including the reflection nebula NGC 2023 and the Horsehead nebula illuminated by the B star HD 37903 and the O star sigma Orionis, respectively. Due to the limited radiation field, the emission in these wavelengths is due to very small particles which are heated each time they absorb a UV photon. A filamentary structure is detected at small angular scales (down to the angular resolution of 6") on top of a smoother background. The particular case of the Horsehead nebula suggests that the filaments in general result from the illuminated surfaces of dense structures, while the smoother background comes from lower density matters probably ionised. Striking spatial variations of the infrared colour (5-8.5 mum/12-18 mum) are also detected. Spectroscopic observations show that they are due to variations of the intensity of the aromatic features (especially at 7.7 mum) relative to a continuum emission increasing in intensity towards longer wavelengths. The contribution of the continuum relative to the aromatic features appears significantly higher at the illuminated surfaces of dense structures than in lower density matter. This effect could be the signature of the evolution of the very small particles from shielded molecular material to photo-dissociated and photo-ionised matter. We also show that size segregation due to grain dynamics in uni-directional radiation fields may play a major role.
Free Keywords:methods : data analysis; ISM : individual objects : Orion; ISM : dust; extinction; ISM : clouds; ISM : structure; infrared : ISM
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für extraterrestrische Physik
External Affiliations:Univ Paris 11, Inst Astrophys Spatiale, Bat 121, F-91405 Orsay,; France; Univ Paris 11, Inst Astrophys Spatiale, F-91405 Orsay, France; Ecole Normale Super, F-75005 Paris, France; Stockholm Observ, S-13336 Saltsjobaden, Sweden; Ctr Etud Saclay, Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France; ESA, Satellite Tracking Stn, ISO, Madrid 28080, Spain; Observ Paris, DESPA, F-92195 Meudon, France; Joint Astron Ctr, Hilo, HI 96720 USA; CNR, Ist Astrofis Spaziale, Area Ric Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Observ Lyon, F-69230 St Genis Laval, France; Observ Bordeaux, F-33270 Florac, France; Royal Observ, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland; Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, D-85741 Garching, Germany
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