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          Institute: MPI für Evolutionsbiologie     Collection: Evolutionary ecology     Display Documents

ID: 112365.0, MPI für Evolutionsbiologie / Evolutionary ecology
The consequences of self-fertilization and outcrossing of the cestode Schistocephalus solidus in its second intermediate host
Authors:Christen, M.; Milinski, M.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2003-04
Title of Journal:Parasitology
Issue / Number:4
Start Page:369
End Page:378
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Many hermaphroditic parasites reproduce by both cross-fertilization and self-fertilization. To understand the maintenance of such mixed mating systems it is necessary to compare the fitness consequences of the two reproductive modes. This has, however, almost never been done in the context of host-parasite coevolution. Here we show the consequences of outcrossing and selfing in an advanced life-stage of the cestode Schistocephalus solidus, i.e. in its second intermediate host, the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Each juvenile stickleback was simultaneously exposed to 2 experimentally infected copepods, one harbouring outcrossed the other selfed parasites. At 60 days p.i. parasites were removed from the fish's body cavity and, with microsatellite markers, assigned to either outcrossed or selfed origin. Prevalence was not significantly higher in outcrossed parasites. However, those fish that were infected contained significantly more outcrossed than selfed parasites. Thus the probability of a selfed parasite to progress in the life-cycle is reduced in the second intermediate host. Furthermore, we found that even the multiply infected fish increased in weight during the experiment. Nevertheless, total worm weight in multiply infected fish was significantly lower than in singly infected ones, which thus might be a parasite life-history strategy
Free Keywords:outcrossing; selfing; inbreeding depression; host-parasite coevolution; cestode
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Limnologie/Abt. Evolutionsökologie
Identifiers:ISSN:0031-1820 [ID-No:1]
DOI:10.1017/S0031182003002956 [ID-No:2]
LOCALID:2254/S 38131 [Listen-Nummer/S-Nummer]
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