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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Biomedizin     Collection: Publikationen molekulare Biomedizin     Display Documents



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ID: 123172.0, MPI für molekulare Biomedizin / Publikationen molekulare Biomedizin
Localization of claudin-3 in tight junctions of the blood-brain barrier is selectively lost during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and human glioblastoma multiforme
Authors:Wolburg, H.; Wolburg-Buchholz, K.; Kraus, J.; Rascher-Eggstein, G.; Liebner, S.; Hamm, S.; Duffner, F.; Grote, E. H.; Risau, W.; Engelhardt, B.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2003-06
Title of Journal:Acta Neuropathologica (Berl)
Journal Abbrev.:Acta Neuropathol
Volume:105
Issue / Number:6
Start Page:586
End Page:592
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:In the central nervous system (CNS) complex endothelial tight junctions (TJs) form a restrictive paracellular diffusion barrier, the blood-brain barrier (BBB). During inflammation, BBB properties are frequently lost, resulting in brain edema. To investigate whether BBB leakiness correlates with molecular changes at BBB TJs, we performed immunofluorescence stainings for TJ molecules in a mouse model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and in human tissue with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In TJs of healthy CNS vessels in both mouse and man we detected occludin, ZO-1, claudin-5 and claudin-3. In EAE brain and spinal cord sections we observed the selective loss of claudin-3 immunostaining from TJs of venules surrounded by inflammatory cuffs, whereas the localization of the other TJ proteins remained unchanged. In addition, selective loss of claudin-3 immunostaining was also observed in altered cerebral microvessels of human GBM. Our data demonstrate the selective loss of claudin-3 from BBB TJs under pathological conditions such as EAE or GBM when the integrity of the BBB is compromised, and therefore suggest that claudin-3 is a central component determining the integrity of BBB TJs in vivo.
Free Keywords:Animals
; Blood Vessels/metabolism/pathology
; *Blood-Brain Barrier
; Central Nervous System/metabolism/pathology
; Comparative Study
; Disease Models, Animal
; Encephalomyelitis, Experimental Autoimmune/*metabolism/pathology
; Female
; Glioblastoma/*metabolism/pathology
; Human
; Immunohistochemistry/methods
; Membrane Proteins/*metabolism
; Mice
; Mice, Inbred Strains
; Phosphoproteins/metabolism
; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
; Tight Junctions/*metabolism/pathology
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Biomedizin
Identifiers:URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=... [ID No:1]
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