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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents

ID: 1255.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
Thermally and Chemically Induced Structural Transformations of Keggin-Type Heteropoly Acid Catalysts
Authors:Mestl, Gerhard; Ilkenhans, Thomas; Spielbauer, Dieter; Dieterle, Martin; Timpe, Olaf; Kröhnert, Jutta; Jentoft, Friederike C.; Knözinger, Helmut; Schlögl, Robert
Research Context:Project 5, Acid-Base & Redox properties of heteropoly compounds, Project 7, HPA's preparation, solid state chemistry & catalysis
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2001-09-20
Title of Journal:Applied Catalysis A: General
Journal Abbrev.:Appl. Catal. A: General
Issue / Number:1-2
Start Page:13
End Page:34
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Raman characterization revealed that the Keggin anion structure of H4PVMo11O40 is inherently
unstable upon heat treatment and loss of water. Vanadyl and molybdenyl species are expelled from
the Keggin cage and defective Keggin structures are formed. These defective structures further
disintegrate to presumably Mo3O13 triads of the former Keggin. These Keggin fragments
oligomerize at later stages to molybdenum oxygen clusters comparable to hepta- or
octamolybdates. The final disintegration and structural reorganization product is MoO3. This
disintegration and recondensation process seems to be strongly affected by the heating rate and
hence the presence of water in the sample. Only partial expulsion of V occurred under moderate
dehydration conditions. The absence of water during heat treatments stabilizes the intermediate
defective structures. Raman spectroscopy proved that free polyacids are unstable under catalytic
partial oxidation conditions. Therefore, it can be suggested that intact Keggin anions are not the
active species within an operating partial oxidation catalyst. From this Raman spectroscopy study it
may be inferred that the structurally reorganized intermediates are relevant for the catalytic action.
The Raman investigations of the HPA decomposition additionally revealed a dependency of the
decomposition process on the reactive atmosphere and the presence of Cs. The presence of Cs led
to a partial stabilization of the structural disintegration products of PVMo11 and to the formation of
the thermodynamically stable, but catalytically inactive Cs3-salt. Cs also inhibited the condensation
of MoO3-type oxides. O2 present in the gas phase also led to stabilization of the structural
reorganization intermediates. Importantly, the presence of water did not lead to a stabilization of the
intact Keggin structure. In contrast, hydrolysis of the Keggin anions seemed to be enhanced
compared to the water-free situation. This observation is of high importance because water is added
to the feed in industrial partial oxidation reactions. Hence, under industrial conditions, HPA-derived
catalysts are inherently unstable and cannot contain intact Keggin anions at their active surface.
Catalytic partial oxidation conditions even led to a more pronounced structural reorganization and
amorphous suboxides of the MoO3-x type seemed to be formed. Hence, heteropolyacids have to
be understood only as defined molecular precursor compound
Free Keywords:Heteropolyacids; Keggin; Dehydration; Structural disintegration; Lacunary
structures; Molybdenyl and vanadyl species; Raman spectroscopy
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Preparation
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Functional Characterization
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
External Affiliations:Physikalische Chemie, Butenandtstr. 5-13, Haus E, 81377 München, Germany
Novartis Services AG, Catalysis and Synthesis Services, WRO.1055.603, CH-4002
Basel, Switzerland.
SAP AG, Postfach 1461, D-69185 Walldorf, Germany.
Identifiers:URL: [only for subscribers of this journal]
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