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          Institute: MPI für Radioastronomie     Collection: Publikationen des MPI für Radioastronomie     Display Documents

ID: 125606.0, MPI für Radioastronomie / Publikationen des MPI für Radioastronomie
VLBI observations of T Tauri South
Authors:Smith, K.; Pestalozzi, M.; Güdel, M.; Conway, J.; Benz, A. O.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2003-08
Title of Journal:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Journal Abbrev.:Astron. Astrophys.
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:957
End Page:967
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report observations of the T Tauri system at 8.4 GHz with a VLBI array comprising the VLBA, VLA and Effelsberg 100 m telescopes. We detected a compact source offset approximately 40 mas from the best infrared position of the T Tau Sb component. This source was unresolved, and constrained to be less than 0.5 mas in size, corresponding to 0.07 AU or 15 R. at a distance of 140 pc. The other system components (T Tau Sa, T Tau N) were not detected in the VLBI data. The separate VLA map contains extended flux not accounted for by the compact VLBI source, indicating the presence of extended emission on arcsecond scales. The compact source shows rapid variability, which together with circular polarization and its compact nature indicate that the observed flux arises from a magnetically-dominated region. Brightness temperatures in the MK range point to gyrosynchrotron as the emission mechanism for the steady component. The rapid variations are accompanied by dramatic changes in polarization, and we record an at times 100% polarized component during outbursts. This strongly suggests a coherent emission process, most probably an electron cyclotron maser. With this assumption it is possible to estimate the strength of the local magnetic field to be 1.5-3 kilogauss.
Free Keywords:stars : pre-main sequence, stars : magnetic fields, stars : formation
Comment of the Author/Creator:Date: 2003, AUG
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Radioastronomie
External Affiliations:ETH Zentrum, Inst Astron, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.; Paul Scherrer Inst, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland.; Paul Scherrer Inst, CH-5303 Wurenlingen, Switzerland.; Max Planck Inst Radioastron, D-53121 Bonn, Germany.; Onsala Space Observ, S-43992 Onsala, Sweden.
Identifiers:ISI:000184317800019 [ID No:1]
ISSN:0004-6361 [ID No:2]
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