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          Institute: MPI für Chemie     Collection: Publikationen MPI für Chemie     Display Documents

ID: 14548.0, MPI für Chemie / Publikationen MPI für Chemie
Enrichment from plume interaction in the generation of Neoproterozoic arc rocks in northern Eritrea: implications for crustal accretion in the southern Arabian-Nubian Shield
Authors:Teklay, M.; Kröner, A.; Mezger, K.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-03-15
Title of Journal:Chemical Geology
Journal Abbrev.:Chem. Geol.
Issue / Number:1-2
Start Page:167
End Page:184
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The Neoproterozoic volcano-sedimentary-plutonic associations in Eritrea are part of the Arabian-Nubian Shield (ANS). In the Nakfa region, northern Eritrea, low-grade metavolcanic rocks consist of calc-alkaline crystal tuffs, lapilli cuffs and basic and felsic lava flows. These are intruded by pre/syn- to late- tectonic calc-alkaline intrusive rocks ranging in composition from gabbro to granite. They have element characteristics and MORB-normalized geochemical patterns similar to modem arc lavas. These similarities include enrichment in large ion lithophile elements and depletion in high-field strength elements, SHRIMP U-Pb analyses of zircons from a metarhyolite yielded a concordant age of 854+/-3 Ma, suggesting that are magmatism in Eritrea began at about 850 Ma. Initial is an element of(Nd) values range firom 4.8 to 5.7 These values preclude significant contributions from a long-lived crustal source and indicate that the sources for these melts were juvenile, Furthermore, the remarkably restricted initial is an element of(Nd) values clearly suggest an intra-oceanic tectonic setting. These data support models that show the southern extension of the ANS in northern Eritrea as an oceanic island arc system. Compared to metavolcanic rocks of similar ages from southern Sudan, the metavolcanic, rocks from Nakfa display lower initial is an element of(Nd) values at similar LILE/HFSE ratios. This is interpreted that the source of the Nakfa metavolcanic rocks was enriched prior to the onset of formation of subduction-related magmas. This enrichment process may be related to the presence of plume-related magmatism that affected the mantle source of the Nakfa metavolcanic rocks prior to subduction. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Free Keywords:Arabian-Nubian Shield; Eritrea; mantle source; metavolcanic rocks; neoproterozoic; plume magmatism
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Chemie/Geochemie
External Affiliations:Univ Asmara, Dept Earth Sci, POB 1020, Asmera, Eritrea; Univ Mainz, Inst Geowissensch, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
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