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          Institute: MPI für demografische Forschung     Collection: Publikationen des MPI für demografische Forschung     Display Documents

ID: 180286.0, MPI für demografische Forschung / Publikationen des MPI für demografische Forschung
Autonomy or conservative adjustment? The effect of public policies and educational attainment on third births in Austria, 1975-96
Authors:Hoem, Jan M.; Prskawetz, Alexia; Neyer, Gerda R.
Place of Publication:Vienna
Publisher:Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2003
Title of Book:Vienna yearbook of population research 2003
Start Page:101
End Page:119
Full Name of Book-Editor(s):Gustav Feichtinger
Audience:Experts Only
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:The standardised rate of third births declined by over 50 percent in Austria between the late 1970s and the mid-1990s. The third birth was also postponed gradually over the years up through 1991-92, after which the tempo of childbearing suddenly in-creased in response to a change in the parental-leave policy. This new policy inadvertently favoured women who had their second or subsequent child shortly after their previous one. We cannot find any indication that the general decline in third births can be seen as a consequence of women's increasing independence from their husbands at the stage in life we study. Furthermore, it still seems to be more difficult to combine motherhood and labour-force participation in Austria than in Sweden, which is a leader in reducing this incompatibility. These developments reflect the tension between advancing gender equality and the dominance of traditional norms in Austria.
Last Change of the Resource (YYYY-MM-DD):2003
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:InBook
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für demografische Forschung
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