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          Institute: MPI für Meteorologie     Collection: Ocean in the Earth System     Display Documents

ID: 20232.0, MPI für Meteorologie / Ocean in the Earth System
Constraining temperature variations over the last millennium by comparing simulated and observed atmospheric CO2
Authors:Gerber, S.; Joos, F.; Brugger, P.; Stocker, T. F.; Mann, M. E.; Sitch, S.; Scholze, M.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2003-01
Title of Journal:Climate Dynamics
Journal Abbrev.:Clim. Dyn.
Issue / Number:2-3
Start Page:281
End Page:299
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The response of atmospheric CO2 and climate to the reconstructed variability in solar irradiance and radiative forcing by volcanoes over the last millennium is examined by applying a coupled physical-biogeochemical climate model that includes the Lund-Potsdam-Jena dynamic global vegetation model (LPJ-DGVM) and a simplified analogue of a coupled atmosphere- ocean general circulation model. The modeled variations of atmospheric CO2 and Northern Hemisphere (NH) mean surface temperature are compatible with reconstructions from different Antarctic ice cores and temperature proxy data. Simulations where the magnitude of solar irradiance changes is increased yield a mismatch between model results and CO2 data, providing evidence for modest changes in solar irradiance and global mean temperatures over the past millennium and arguing against a significant amplification of the response of global or hemispheric annual mean temperature to solar forcing. Linear regression (r = 0.97) between modeled changes in atmospheric CO2 and NH mean surface temperature yields a CO2 increase of about 12 ppm for a temperature increase of 1 degreesC and associated precipitation and cloud cover changes. Then, the CO2 data range of 12 ppm implies that multi-decadal NH temperature changes between 1100 and 1700 AD had to be within 1 degreesC. Modeled preindustrial variations in atmospheric delta(13)C are small compared to the uncertainties in ice core delta(13)C data. Simulations with natural forcings only suggest that atmospheric CO2 would have remained around the preindustrial concentration of 280 ppm without anthropogenic emissions. Sensitivity experiments show that atmospheric CO2 Closely follows decadal-mean temperature changes when changes in ocean circulation and ocean-sediment interactions are not important. The response in terrestrial carbon storage to factorial changes in temperature, the seasonality of temperature, precipitation, and atmospheric CO2 has been determined.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Meteorologie/Physical Climate System/Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling
External Affiliations:Univ Bern, Inst Phys, Sidlerstr 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; Univ Bern, Inst Phys, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; Univ Virginia, Dept Environm Sci, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA; Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, Potsdam, Germany
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