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          Institute: MPI für Meteorologie     Collection: Atmosphere in the Earth System     Display Documents

ID: 20260.0, MPI für Meteorologie / Atmosphere in the Earth System
Global air pollution crossroads over the Mediterranean
Authors:Lelieveld, J.; Berresheim, H.; Borrmann, S.; Crutzen, P. J.; Dentener, F. J.; Fischer, H.; Feichter, Johann; Flatau, P. J.; Heland, J.; Holzinger, R.; Korrmann, R.; Lawrence, M. G.; Levin, Z.; Markowicz, K. M.; Mihalopoulos, N.; Minikin, A.; Ramanathan, V.; de Reus, M.; Roelofs, G. J.; Scheeren, H. A.; Sciare, J.; Schlager, H.; Schultz, Martin; Siegmund, P.; Steil, B.; Stephanou, E. G.; Stier, Philip; Traub, M.; Warneke, C.; Williams, J.; Ziereis, H.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-10-25
Title of Journal:Science
Journal Abbrev.:Science
Issue / Number:5594
Start Page:794
End Page:799
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The Mediterranean Intensive Oxidant Study, performed in the summer of 2001, uncovered air pollution layers from the surface to an altitude of 15 kilometers. In the boundary layer, air pollution standards are exceeded throughout the region, caused by West and East European pollution from the north. Aerosol particles also reduce solar radiation penetration to the surface, which can suppress precipitation. In the middle troposphere, Asian and to a lesser extent North American pollution is transported from the west. Additional Asian pollution from the east, transported from the monsoon in the upper troposphere, crosses the Mediterranean tropopause, which pollutes the lower stratosphere at middle latitudes.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Meteorologie/Biogeochemical System/Atmospheric Aerosol
MPI für Meteorologie/Biogeochemical System/Atmospheric Chemistry
External Affiliations:Max Planck Inst Chem, POB 3060, D-55020 Mainz, Germany; Max Planck Inst Chem, D-55020 Mainz, Germany; German Weather Serv, Meteorol Observ, D-82383 Hohenpeissenberg, Germany; Univ Mainz, Inst Atmospher Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany; Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA; Joint Res Ctr, Inst Environm, I-21020 Ispra, Va, Italy; USN, Res Lab, Monterey, CA 93943 USA; German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Inst Atmospher Phys, D-82230 Wessling, Germany; Tel Aviv Univ, Dept Geophys & Planetary Sci, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel; Warsaw Univ, Inst Geophys, PL-02093 Warsaw, Poland; Univ Crete, Environm Chem Proc Lab, Iraklion 71409, Greece; Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine & Atmospher Res, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands; Lab Environm & Climate Sci, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France; Royal Netherlands Meteorol Inst, NL-3730 AE De Bilt, Netherlands; NOAA, Aeron Lab, Boulder, CO 80305 USA
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