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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Neutrino Physics     Display Documents



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ID: 204724.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Neutrino Physics
Underground measurements of radioactivity
Authors:Laubenstein, M.; Hult, M.; Gasparro, J.; Arnold, D.; Neumaier, S.; Heusser, G.; Köhler, M.; Povinec, P.; Reyss, J.-L.; Schwaiger, M.; Theodórsson, P.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2004-08
Title of Journal:Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Volume:61
Issue / Number:2-3
Start Page:167
End Page:172
Full name of Issue-Editor(s):M. Schwaiger, R. Edelmaier, E. Holm and S. Jerome
Copyright:Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The exceptional sensitivity of gamma-ray spectrometry in underground laboratories has increasing application because of the important science and technology that it allows to be studied. Early work focussed on rare fundamental phenomena, e.g. double beta decay, but a growing number of underground measurements is being performed in fields such as environmental monitoring, surveillance of nuclear activities, benchmarking of other physical techniques and materials selection for equipment which require materials with extremely low levels of radioactivity. This report describes the state of the art in underground gamma-ray spectrometry. Backgrounds of HPGe-detectors at various underground laboratories are presented and compared. Improved techniques and detectors are described and needs of deep underground facilities for higher sensitivity measurements are discussed.
Free Keywords:Underground laboratory; Low-level gamma-ray spectrometry
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group H. J. Völk/Neutrino Astrophysics (W. Hampel)
External Affiliations:Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, INFN, S.S. 17/bis km 18+910, Assergi(AQ), I-67010, Italy
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (EC-JRC-IRMM), Retieseweg, Geel, B-2440, Belgium
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, Braunschweig, D-38116, Germany
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, P.O. Box 103980, Heidelberg, D-69029, Germany
Verein für Kernverfahrenstechnik und Analytik Rossendorf e.V., P.O. Box 510119, Dresden, D-01314, Germany
IAEA - Marine Environment Laboratory,4 Quaie Antoine 1er, Monte-Carlo, MC-98012, Monaco
LSCE/Vallée, Centre des Faibles Radioactivités, Domaine du CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, F-91198, France
ARC Seibersdorf Research GmbH, Health Physics Division/Radiation Protection, Seibersdorf, A-2444, Austria
Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 3, Reykjavík, IS-107, Iceland
Identifiers:DOI:10.1016/j.apradiso.2004.03.039
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