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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents

ID: 222979.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
Gas phase contributions to the catalytic formation of HCN from CH4 and NH3 over Pt: An in situ study by molecular beam mass spectrometry with threshold ionization
Authors:Horn, Raimund; Mestl, Gerhard; Thiede, Manfred; Jentoft, Friederike C.; Schmidt, Philipp Martin; Bewersdorf, Martin; Weber, Robert; Schlögl, Robert
Research Context:Project 25, Appearance potential mass spectrometry
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2004-07-26
Title of Journal:Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Journal Abbrev.:Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
Issue / Number:18
Start Page:4514
End Page:4521
Sequence Number of Article:1
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Molecular beam mass spectrometry has been used for an in situ study of the Pt-catalyzed formation of hydrocyanic acid from methane and ammonia. The goal was to identify transient gas phase intermediates which would indicate homogeneous contributions to the reaction mechanism. A catalytic wall reactor operated at 1300 °C, 1013 mbar, and 74 % HCN yield was connected via a molecular beam interface with a quadrupole mass spectrometer, which allowed the measurement of ionization- and appearance potentials by electron impact.
Shape and width of the electron energy spread function were determined by analyzing the ionization efficiency curve of helium; the experimental uncertainty of the measured threshold values was found to be 0.6 eV. By use of the threshold ionization technique it could be shown that methylamine (CH3NH2) and methylenimine (CH2=NH) are present in the gas phase under reaction conditions. The measured threshold potentials at m/z = 30 u (9.9 +/- 0.6 eV) and m/z = 29 u (10.6 +/- 0.6 eV) were unambiguously assigned to the appearance potential of CNH4+ / CH3NH2 and the ionization potential of CNH3+ / CH2NH, respectively. Both molecules dehydrogenate rapidly at reaction temperature to HCN so that they can be considered as true gas phase intermediates.
Free Keywords:hydrocyanic acid, methane, ammonia, mechanism, platinum, molecular beam mass spectrometry, threshold ionization
Last Change of the Resource (YYYY-MM-DD):2004-05-25
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Functional Characterization
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
External Affiliations:2.NanoScape AG, Butenandtstrasse 11E, 81377 Munich, Germany
6.Degussa AG, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4, 63457 Hanau Wolfgang, Germany
7.Degussa AG, Kölner Strasse 122, 50389 Wesseling, Germany
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