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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Interplanetary Dust Physics     Display Documents

ID: 244668.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Interplanetary Dust Physics
Galileo long-term dust monitoring in the jovian magnetosphere
Authors:Krueger, Harald; Linkert, Gudrun; Linkert, Dietmar; Moissl, Richard; Gruen, Eberhard
Research Context:Dust; Space instrumentation
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005-09
Title of Journal:Planetary and Space Science
Issue / Number:11
Start Page:1109
End Page:1120
Copyright:Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The Galileo spacecraft was launched in 1989, and—between 1995 and 2003—was the first spacecraft in orbit about Jupiter. The in-situ dust instrument on board was a highly sensitive impact-ionisation dust detector which measured the speed, mass and impact direction of dust particles hitting a metal target. It provided a unique 12-year record of cosmic dust in interplanetary and circumjovian space. Degradation of the instrument electronics caused by the harsh radiation environment in the inner jovian magnetosphere was recognised in various ways: the sensitivity for dust detection dropped by a factor of 7.5 between 1996 and 2003 while the noise sensitivity decreased by up to a factor of 100. Shifts in the parameters measured during dust impacts and noise events (charge amplitudes and signal rise times, etc.) required a time-dependent algorithm for noise identification. After noise removal a total of 21 224 complete data sets for dust impacts (i.e. impact charges, signal rise times, impact direction, etc.) is available from the entire Galileo mission between 1989 and 2003 (18 340 data sets from the Jupiter mission after 1996). This homogeneous data set has been used in many investigations of jovian dust published already or ongoing. Electronics degradation prevents the application of the mass and speed calibration to data obtained after 2000. Only in cases where the impact speed of grains is known by other means can grain masses be derived for later measurements. The drop of the detection sensitivity also required a time-dependent correction for fluxes of jovian dust streams, reaching a factor of 20 in 2002. We use the derived homogeneous noise-removed data set for long-term monitoring of the jovian dust streams with Galileo. The derived fluxes of dust stream particles were highly variable by about five orders of magnitude, between 3×10-3 and and exhibited strong orbit-to-orbit variability. This extensive and valuable data set is available for further detailed investigations.
Free Keywords:Dust; Space instrumentation
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group K. Mauersberger/Interplantary Dust Research (E. Grün)
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