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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: High-Energy Astrophysics     Display Documents

ID: 245162.0, MPI für Kernphysik / High-Energy Astrophysics
The H.E.S.S. survey of the Inner Galaxy in very-high-energy gamma-rays
Authors:Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A. G.; Bazer-Bachi, A. R.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Berge, D.; Borrel, V.; Bernlöhr, K.; Bolz, O.; Boisson, C:; Glicenstein, J.F.; Breitling, F.; Brown, A. M.; Dickinson, H.J.; Chadwick, P. M.; Braun, I.; Chounet, L.-M.; Cornils, R.; Costamante, L.; Degrange, B.; Djannati-Atai, A.; Drury, L.O'C.; Emmanoulopoulos, D.; Espigat, P.; Feinstein, F.; Jacholkowska, A.; Fontaine, G.; Funk, S.; Gallant, Y. A.; Giebels, B.; Gillessen, S.; Goret, P.; Dubus, G.; Hadjichristidis, C.; Hauser, M.; Heinzelmann, G.; Henri, G.; Hermann, G.; Hinton, J. A.; Hofmann, W.; Holleran, M.; Horns, D.; de Jager, O. C.; Khélifi, B.; Komin, N.; Konopelko, A.; Latham, I. J.; Le Gallou, R.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Lemière, A.; Leroy, N.; Lohse, T.; Marcowith, A.; Masterson, C.; McComb, T. J. L.; de Naurois, M.; Nolan, S. J.; Noutsos, A.; Orford, K. J.; Osborne, J. L.; Ouchrif, M.; Panter, M.; Pelletier, G.; Pita, S.; Fuchs, Y.; Pühlhofer, G.; Punch, M.; Raubenheimer, B. C.; Raue, M.; Raux, J.; Rayner, S. M.; Martin, J.M.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Ripken, J.; Terrier, R.; Rob, L.; Rolland, L.; Rowell, G.; Sahakian, V.; Saugé, L.; Schlenker, S.; Schlickeiser, R.; Schuster, C.; Schwanke, U.; Siewert, M.; Sol, H.; Steenkamp, R.; Stegmann, C.; Tavernet, J.-P-; Théoret, C. G.; Tluczykont, M.; Venter, C.; Vasileiadis, G.; Vincent, P.; Völk, H. J.; Wagner, S. J.; Martineau-Huynh, O.; Spangler, D.
Research Context:H.E.S.S.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2006-01-10
Title of Journal:Astrophysical Journal
Journal Abbrev.:ApJ
Issue / Number:2, Part 1
Start Page:777
End Page:797
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report on a survey of the inner part of the Galactic Plane in very high energy gamma-rays, with the H.E.S.S. Cherenkov telescope system. The Galactic Plane between +-30deg in longitude and +-3deg in latitude relative to the Galactic Centre was observed in 500 pointings for a total of 230 hours, reaching an average flux sensitivity of 2% of the Crab Nebula at energies above 200 GeV. Fourteen previously unknown sources were detected at a significance level greater than 4 sigma after accounting for all trials involved in the search. Initial results on the eight most significant of these sources were already reported elsewhere. Here we present detailed spectral and morphological information for all the new sources, along with a discussion on possible counterparts in other wavelength bands. The distribution in Galactic latitude of the detected sources appears to be consistent with a scale height in the Galactic disk for the parent population smaller than 100 pc, consistent with expectations for supernova remnants and/or pulsar wind nebulae.
Free Keywords:Gamma rays: observations
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group of W. Hofmann/High Energy Astrophysics (F. Aharonian)
MPI für Kernphysik/Group of W. Hofmann/Experimental High-Energy Astrophysics (M. Panter, G. Hermann)
External Affiliations:Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers Street, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia.
Department of Physics, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK.
Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 av. du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse Cedex 4, France.
Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany.
APC, UMR 7164 du CNRS, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.
Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.
Laboratoire Univers et Théories (LUTH), UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon Cedex, France.
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Université Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.
Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France.
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 5 Merrion Square, Dublin 2, Ireland.
Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Université Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.
DAPNIA/DSM/CEA, CE Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.
Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universités Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05, France.
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics (IPNP), Charles University, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic.
University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia.
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