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          Institute: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie     Collection: Publications MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology     Display Documents

ID: 251101.0, MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie / Publications MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology
Recent Origin and Cultural Reversion of a Hunter–Gatherer Group
Authors:Oota, Hiroki; Pakendorf, Brigitte; Weiss, Gunter; von Haeseler, Arndt; Pookajorn, Surin; Settheetham-Ishida, Wannapa; Tiwawech, Danai; Ishida, Takafumi; Stoneking, Mark
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005
Title of Journal:PLoS Biology
Journal Abbrev.:PLoS Biol
Issue / Number:3
Sequence Number of Article:e71
Copyright:© 2005 Oota et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Contemporary hunter–gatherer groups are often thought to serve as models of an ancient lifestyle that was typical of human populations prior to the development of agriculture. Patterns of genetic variation in hunter–gatherer groups such as the !Kung and African Pygmies are consistent with this view, as they exhibit low genetic diversity coupled with high frequencies of divergent mtDNA types not found in surrounding agricultural groups, suggesting long-term isolation and small population sizes. We report here genetic evidence concerning the origins of the Mlabri, an enigmatic hunter–gatherer group from northern Thailand. The Mlabri have no mtDNA diversity, and the genetic diversity at Y-chromosome and autosomal loci are also extraordinarily reduced in the Mlabri. Genetic, linguistic, and cultural data all suggest that the Mlabri were recently founded, 500–800 y ago, from a very small number of individuals. Moreover, the Mlabri appear to have originated from an agricultural group and then adopted a hunting–gathering subsistence mode. This example of cultural reversion from agriculture to a hunting–gathering lifestyle indicates that contemporary hunter–gatherer groups do not necessarily reflect a pre-agricultural lifestyle.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Gisela Lausberg
Affiliations:MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie/Department of Evolutionary Genetics
External Affiliations:WE Informatik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany
Neumann-Institute for Computing, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Düsseldorf, Germany
Faculty of Archaeology, Silpakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
National Cancer Institute, Bangkok, Thailand, 7 Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Japan
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