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          Institute: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie     Collection: Publications MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology     Display Documents



  history
ID: 251490.0, MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie / Publications MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology
Signature of recent historical events in the European Y-chromosomal STR haplotype distribution
Authors:Roewer, Lutz; Croucher, P. J. P.; Willuweit, Sascha; Lu, T. T.; Kayser, Manfred; Lessig, R.; de Knijff, Peter; Jobling, Mark A.; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Krawczak, Michael
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005-03
Title of Journal:Human Genetics
Volume:116
Issue / Number:4
Start Page:279
End Page:291
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Previous studies of human Y-chromosomal single-nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs) established a link between the extant Y-SNP haplogroup distribution and the prehistoric demography of Europe. By contrast, our analysis of seven rapidly evolving Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat loci (Y-STRs) in over 12,700 samples from 91 different locations in Europe reveals a signature of more recent historic events, not previously detected by other genetic markers. Cluster analysis based upon molecular variance yields two clearly identifiable sub-clusters of Western and Eastern European Y-STR haplotypes, and a diverse transition zone in central Europe, where haplotype spectra change more rapidly with longitude than with latitude. This and other observed patterns of Y-STR similarity may plausibly be related to particular historical incidents, including, for example, the expansion of the Franconian and Ottoman Empires. We conclude that Y-STRs may be capable of resolving male genealogies to an unparalleled degree and could therefore provide a useful means to study local population structure and recent demographic history. [References: 42]
Free Keywords:Mitochondrial-dna
; Human-populations
; Autocorrelation
; Microsatellites
; Perspective
; Frequencies
; Diversity
; Migration
; Genetics
; Males.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Gisela Lausberg
Affiliations:MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie/Department of Evolutionary Genetics
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