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          Institute: MPI für Meteorologie     Collection: Ocean in the Earth System     Display Documents



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ID: 256455.0, MPI für Meteorologie / Ocean in the Earth System
Response of the intermediate complexity Mars Climate Simulator to different obliquity angles
Authors:Segschneider, J.; Grieger, B.; Keller, H. U.; Lunkeit, F.; Kirk, E.; Fraedrich, K.; Rodin, A.; Greve, R.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005-05
Title of Journal:Planetary and Space Science
Journal Abbrev.:Planet Space Sci.
Volume:53
Issue / Number:6
Start Page:659
End Page:670
Copyright:2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:A climate model of intermediate complexity, named the Mars Climate Simulator, has been developed based on the Portable
University Model of the Atmosphere (PUMA). The main goal of this new development is to simulate the climate variations on Mars resulting from the changes in orbital parameters and their impact on the layered polar terrains (also known as permanent polar ice caps). As a first step towards transient simulations over several obliquity cycles, the model is applied to simulate the dynamical and thermodynamical response of the Martian climate system to different but fixed obliquity angles. The model is forced by the annual and daily cycle of solar insolation. Experiments have been performed for obliquities of ø=15° (minimum), ø=25.2° (present), and ø=35° (maximum). The resulting changes in solar insolation mainly in the polar regions impact strongly on the cross-equatorial circulation which is driven by the meridional temperature gradient and steered by the Martian topography. At high obliquity, the cross-equatorial near surface flow from the winter to the summer hemisphere is strongly enhanced compared to low obliquity periods. The summer ground temperature ranges from 200K (ø=15°) to 250K (ø= 35°) at 80°N in northern summer, and from 220K (ø=15°) to 270K (ø=35°) at 80°S in southern summer. In the atmosphere at 1 km above ground, the respective range is 195–225K in northern summer, and 210–250K in southern summer
Free Keywords:Mars; Mars climate; Mars atmosphere; climate modelling; atmospheric dynamics
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Carola Kauhs
Affiliations:MPI für Meteorologie/Ocean in the Earth System
External Affiliations:Max Planck Inst Aeron, D-37191 Katlenburg Lindau, Germany.; Univ Hamburg, Inst Meteorol, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany.; Inst Space Res, Moscow, Russia.; Tech Univ Darmstadt, Fachbereich Mech, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany.
Identifiers:ISI:000228887100005
ISSN:0032-0633
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