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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 276755.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO
Authors:Masciadri, E.; Mundt, R.; Henning, Th.; Alvarez, C.; Barrado y Navascués, D.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Journal Abbrev.:The Astrophysical Journal
Start Page:1004
End Page:1018
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report on a survey devoted to the search of exoplanets around young and nearby stars carried out with NACO at the VLT. The detection limit for 28 among the best available targets versus the angular separation from the star is presented. The nondetection of any planetary mass companion in our survey is used to derive, for the first time, the frequency of the upper limit of the projected planet-star separation. In particular, we find that in 50% of the cases, no 5MJ (or more massive) planet has been detected at projected separations larger than 14 AU, and no 10MJ (or more massive) planet has been detected at projected separations larger than 8.5 AU. In 100% of the cases, these values increase to 36 and 65 AU, respectively. The excellent sensitivity reached by our study leads to a much lower upper limit of the projected planet-star separation compared with previous studies. For example, for the beta Pictoris group (~12 Myr), we did not detect any 10MJ planet at distances larger than 15 AU. A previous study carried out with 4 m class telescopes put an upper limit for 10MJ planets at ~60 AU. For our closest target (V2306 Oph; d=4.3 pc), it is shown that it would be possible to detect a 10MJ planet at a minimum projected separation from the star of 1 AU and a 5MJ planet at a minimum projected separation of 3.7 AU. Our results are discussed with respect to mechanisms explaining planet formation and migration and forthcoming observational strategies and future planet-finder observations from the ground.
Free Keywords:Stars: Binaries: Close; Stars: Planetary Systems; Stars: Low-Mass; Brown Dwarfs
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph- bib_query?b... [ID No:1]
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