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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 276909.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Detection of silicon nitride particles in extreme carbon stars
Authors:Clément, D.; Mutschke, H.; Klein, R.; Jäger, C.; Dorschner, J.; Sturm, E.; Henning, Th.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2005
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Journal Abbrev.:The Astrophysical Journal
Start Page:985
End Page:990
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:On the basis of spectra taken by the Infrared Space Observatory and laboratory measurements, we present the first spectroscopic evidence for the presence of silicon nitride (Si3N4) grains in the circumstellar shells of a number of extreme carbon stars. Laboratory measurements of alpha, beta, and amorphous Si3N4 are compared with spectra of the extreme carbon stars IRAS 21318+5631 and AFGL 2477. Both stars show an absorption feature near the well-known 11 mum band of silicon carbide (SiC) but peaking at and extending to considerably shorter wavelengths. We demonstrate that the position and the band profile of the observed features coincide well with the main features of laboratory Si3N4 spectra, especially in the case of IRAS 21318+5631. While this band alternatively may be explained by SiC grains plus interstellar silicate absorption, in the way worked out by Speck and coworkers, there is further strong evidence for Si3N4 grains in IRAS 21318+5631 and possible evidence for Si3N4 grains in AFGL 2477 provided by weaker absorption features in the wavelength region longward of the main feature.
Free Keywords:Stars: Circumstellar Matter; Infrared: Stars; Methods: Laboratory; Stars: AGB and Post-AGB; Stars: Atmospheres; Stars: Carbon
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph- bib_query?b... [ID No:1]
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