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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Physics of Atmospheric Molecular Processes     Display Documents

ID: 281739.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Physics of Atmospheric Molecular Processes
Atmospheric sulfuric acid and aerosol formation: implications from atmospheric measurements for nucleation and early growth mechanisms.
Authors:Sihto, L.H.; Kulmala, M.; Kerminen, V.M.; Dal Maso, M.; Petäjä, T.; Riipinen, I.; Korhonen, H.; Arnold, Frank; Janson, R.; Boy, M.; Laaksonen, A.; Lehtinen, K.E.J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2006-09-11
Title of Journal:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Journal Abbrev.:Atmos. Chem. Phys.
Start Page:4079
End Page:4091
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We have investigated the formation and early
growth of atmospheric secondary aerosol particles building
on atmospheric measurements. The measurements were part
of the QUEST 2 campaign which took place in spring 2003 in
Hyytiälä (Finland). During the campaign numerous aerosol
particle formation events occurred of which 15 were accompanied by gaseous sulphuric acid measurements. Our detailed analysis of these 15 events is focussed on nucleation and early growth (to a diameter of 3 nm) of fresh particles. It revealed that new particle formation seems to be a function of the gaseous sulphuric acid concentration to the power from one to two when the time delay between the sulphuric acid and particle number concentration is taken into account. From the time delay the growth rates of freshly nucleated particles from 1 nm to 3 nm were determined. The mean growth rate was 1.2 nm/h and it was clearly correlated with the gaseous sulphuric acid concentration. We tested two nucleation mechanisms – recently proposed cluster activation and kinetic type nucleation – as possible candidates to explain the observed dependences, and determined experimental nucleation coefficients. We found that some events are dominated by the activation mechanism and some by the kinetic mechanism. Inferred coefficients for the two nucleation mechanisms are the same order of magnitude as chemical reaction coefficients in the gas phase and they correlate with
the product of gaseous sulphuric acid and ammonia concentrations. This indicates that besides gaseous sulphuric acid also ammonia has a role in nucleation.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Independent Research Groups/Atmospheric Trace Gas Environmental Physics (A. Arnold)
External Affiliations:University of Helsinki, Department of Physical Sciences
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Climate and Global Change
University of Stockholm, Department of Applied Environmental Science, Air Pollution Laboratory
University of Kuopio, Department of Applied Physics
Finnish Meteorological Institute and University of Kuopio, Dpeartment of Applied Physics
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