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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Neutrino Physics     Display Documents



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ID: 28877.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Neutrino Physics
Measurements of extremely low radioactivity levels in BOREXINO
Authors:Arpesella, C.; Back, H. O.; Balata, M.; Beau, T.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bonetti, S.; Brigatti, A.; Buck, C.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Cecchet, G.; Chen, M.; Dadoun, O.; D'Angelo, D.; De Bari, A.; de Bellefon, A.; De Hass, E.; de Kerret, H.; Derbin, A.; Deutsch, M.; Di Credico, A.; Elisei, F.; Etenko, A.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Fernholz, R.; Ford, R.; Franco, D.; Freudiger, B.; Galbiati, C.; Gatti, F.; Gazzana, S.; Giammarchi, M. G.; Giugni, D.; Goger-Neff, M.; Goldbrunner, T.; Golubchikov, A.; Goretti, A.; Grieb, C.; Hagner, C.; Hagner, T.; Hampel, W.; Harding, E.; Hartmann, F. X.; von Hentig, R.; Heusser, G.; Hult, M.; Ianni, A.; Ianni, A. M.; Kiko, J.; Kirsten, T.; Kohler, M.; Korga, G.; Korschinek, G.; Kozlov, Y.; Kryn, D.; LaMarche, P.; Laubenstein, M.; Lendvai, C.; Loeser, F.; Lombardi, P.; McCarthy, K.; Machulin, I.; Malvezzi, S.; Maneira, J.; Manno, I.; Manuzio, G.; Martemianov, A.; Masetti, F.; Mazzucato, U.; Meroni, E.; Miramonti, L.; Monzani, M. E.; Musico, P.; Neder, H.; Niedermeier, L.; Nisi, S.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Ortica, F.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Perasso, L.; Pocar, A.; Raghavan, R. S.; Ranucci, G.; Rau, W.; Razeto, A.; Resconi, E.; Riedel, T.; Sabelnikov, A.; Salvo, C.; Scardoni, R.; Schönert, S.; Schuhbeck, K. H.; Shutt, T.; Simgen, H.; Sonnenschein, A.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Sukhotin, S.; Tarasenkov, V.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Trincherini, P. R.; Vyrodov, V.; Vogelaar, R. B.; Vignaud, D.; Vitale, S.; Wojcik, M.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zuzel, G.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-08
Title of Journal:Astroparticle Physics
Journal Abbrev.:Astropart Phys.
Volume:18
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:1
End Page:25
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The techniques researched, developed and applied towards the measurement of radioisotope concentrations at ultra-low levels in the real-time solar neutrino experiment BOREXINO at Gran Sasso are presented and illustrated with specific results of widespread interest. We report the use of low-level germanium gamma spectrometry, low-level miniaturized gas proportional counters and low background scintillation detectors developed in solar neutrino research. Each now sets records in its field. We additionally describe our techniques of radiochemical ultra- pure, few atom manipulations and extractions. Forefront measurements also result from the powerful combination of neutron activation and low-level counting. Finally, with our techniques and commercially available mass spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy, new low-level detection limits for isotopes of interest are obtained. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group H. J. Völk/Neutrino Astrophysics (W. Hampel)
MPI für Kernphysik/Independent Research Group S. Schönert/Neutrino Physics
External Affiliations:Max Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany; Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, I-67010 Assergi, Italy; Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA; Coll France, F-75231 Paris, France; Univ Milan, Dept Phys, I-20133 Milan, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-20133 Milan, Italy; Princeton Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA; Princeton Univ, Dept Phys, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA; Univ Pavia, Dept Phys, I-27100 Pavia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-27100 Pavia, Italy; Queens Univ, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada; Univ Genoa, Dept Phys, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Russia; MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA; Univ Perugia, Dept Chem, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Kurchatov Inst, Moscow 123182, Russia; Tech Univ Munich, D-85747 Garching, Germany; Inst Reference Mat & Measurements, B-2440 Geel, Belgium; Res Inst Particle & Nucl Phys, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Bell Labs, Murray Hill, NJ 07974 USA; Joint Res Ctr EU, Inst Environm, I-21020 Ispra, Italy; Jagiellonian Univ, PL-30059 Krakow, Poland
Identifiers:ISI:000178444600001 [ID No:1]
ISSN:0927-6505 [ID No:2]
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