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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 308522.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Tests of stellar model atmospheres by optical interferometry. IV. VINCI interferometry and UVES spectroscopy of Menkar
Authors:Wittkowski, M.; Aufdenberg, J. P.; Driebe, T.; Roccatagliata, V.; Szeifert, T.; Wolff, B.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2006
Journal Abbrev.:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:855
End Page:864
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Aims.We present coordinated near-infrared K-band interferometric and optical spectroscopic observations of the M 1.5 giant <ASTROBJ>alpha Cet</ASTROBJ> (Menkar) obtained with the instruments VINCI and UVES at the Paranal Observatory. Spherically symmetric PHOENIX stellar model atmospheres are constrained by comparison to our interferometric and spectroscopic data, and high-precision fundamental parameters of Menkar are obtained.<BR /> Methods: .Our high-precision VLTI/VINCI observations in the first and second lobes of the visibility function directly probe the model-predicted strength of the limb darkening effect in the K-band and the stellar angular diameter. The high spectral resolution of UVES of R=80 000-110 000 allows us to confront in detail observed and model-predicted profiles of atomic lines and molecular bands.<BR /> Results: .We show that our derived PHOENIX model atmosphere for Menkar is consistent with both the measured strength of the limb-darkening in the near-infrared K-band and the profiles of spectral bands around selected atomic lines and TiO bandheads from 370 nm to 1000 nm. At the detailed level of our high spectral resolution, however, noticeable discrepancies between observed and synthetic spectra exist. We obtain a high-precision Rosseland angular diameter of Theta_Ross=12.20~mas± 0.04~mas. Together with the Hipparcos parallax of 14.82 mas ± 0.83 mas, it corresponds to a Rosseland radius of R_Ross=89 ± 5 R_o, and together with the bolometric flux based on available spectrophotometry, to an effective temperature of T_eff=3795~K ± 70 K. The luminosity based on these values is L=1460~L_o ± 300~L_o. Relying on stellar evolutionary tracks, these values correspond to a mass M= 2.3~M_o~± 0.2~M_o and a surface gravity log g=0.9 ± 0.1 (cgs). <BR /> Conclusions: .Our approach illustrates the power of combining interferometry and high-resolution spectroscopy to constrain and calibrate stellar model atmospheres. The simultaneous agreement of the model atmosphere with our interferometric and spectroscopic data increases confidence in the reliability of the modelling of this star, while discrepancies at the detailed level of the high resolution spectra can be used to further improve the underlying model.
Free Keywords:techniques: interferometric; stars: late-type; stars: atmospheres; stars: fundamental parameters; stars: pulsars individual: α Ceti
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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