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          Institute: MPI für Gravitationsphysik     Collection: Astrophysical Relativity     Display Documents



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ID: 316949.0, MPI für Gravitationsphysik / Astrophysical Relativity
Thermodynamic Description of Inelastic Collisions in General Relativity
Authors:Hennig, Jörg; Neugebauer, Gernot; Ansorg, Marcus
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2007-07
Title of Journal:Astrophysical Journal
Journal Abbrev.:Astrophys. J.
Volume:663
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:450
End Page:460
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We discuss head-on collisions of neutron stars and disks of dust ("galaxies") following the ideas of equilibrium thermodynamics, which compares equilibrium states and avoids the description of the dynamical transition processes between them. As an always present damping mechanism, gravitational emission results in final equilibrium states after the collision. In this paper we calculate selected final configurations from initial data of colliding stars and disks by making use of conservation laws and solving the Einstein equations. Comparing initial and final states, we can decide for which initial parameters two colliding neutron stars (non-rotating Fermi gas models) merge into a single neutron star and two rigidly rotating disks form again a final (differentially rotating) disk of dust. For the neutron star collision we find a maximal energy loss due to outgoing gravitational radiation of 2.3% of the initial mass while the corresponding efficiency for colliding disks has the much larger limit of 23.8%.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Bernhard F. Schutz
Affiliations:MPI für Gravitationsphysik/Astrophysical Relativity
Identifiers:DOI:10.1086/518412
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