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          Institute: MPI für Biochemie     Collection: Structural Biology (W. Baumeister)     Display Documents



ID: 318445.0, MPI für Biochemie / Structural Biology (W. Baumeister)
Proteasome from thermoplasma acidophilum - a threonine protease
Authors:Seemüller, E.; Lupas, A.; Stock, D.; Löwe, J.; Huber, R.; Baumeister, W.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):1995-04-28
Title of Journal:Science
Volume:268
Issue / Number:5210
Start Page:579
End Page:582
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The catalytic mechanism of the 20S proteasome from the archaebacterium Thermoplasma acidophilum has been analyzed by site-directed mutagenesis of the beta subunit and by inhibitor studies. Deletion of the amino-terminal threonine or its mutation to alanine led to inactivation of the enzyme. Mutation of the residue to serine led to a fully active enzyme, which was over ten times more sensitive to the serine protease inhibitor 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin. In combination with the crystal structure of a proteasome-inhibitor complex, the data show that the nucleophilic attack is mediated by the amino-terminal threonine of processed beta subunits. The conservation pattern of this residue in eukaryotic sequences suggests that at least three of the seven eukaryotic beta-type subunit branches should be proteolytically inactive. [References: 60]
Free Keywords:Multicatalytic proteinase complex; Electron-microscopy; Escherichia-coli; Expression; Subunits; Proteolysis; Pituitary; Sequence; Distinct; Interferon.; Multidisciplinary. Multidisciplinary. Multidisciplinary.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Anton Hillebrand
Affiliations:MPI für Biochemie/Structural Biology (W. Baumeister)/
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