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          Institute: MPI für Evolutionsbiologie     Collection: Evolutionary ecology     Display Documents



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ID: 330167.0, MPI für Evolutionsbiologie / Evolutionary ecology
Infectivity of two nematode parasites, Camallanus lacustris and Anguillicola crassus, in a paratenic host, the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus
Authors:Krobbach, C. K.; Kalbe, M.; Kurtz, J.; Scharsack, J. P.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2007-02
Title of Journal:Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Journal Abbrev.:Dis Aquat Org
Volume:74
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:119
End Page:126
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus are frequent paratenic hosts of the nematode parasites Anguillicola crassus and Camallanus lacustris. As paratenic hosts, sticklebacks could spread infection by carrying high numbers of infective stages. In contrast, low infective ability of either parasite for the paratenic host could hinder the spread of infection. In the present study, G. aculeatus was, for the first time, infected under controlled laboratory conditions with defined doses of the parasites. Sticklebacks were exposed to 6, 12, 18 and 24 parasite larvae to determine the infective ability of the 2 nematode species. There were significantly higher infection rates for C. lacustris (18 to 49 %) than for A. crassus (4 to 14 %) at each exposure dose. In C. lacustris-infected sticklebacks, infection rates tended to be highest after exposure to 12 C. lacustris larvae and lowest after exposure to 24 parasites. In A. crassus-infected sticklebacks, no effect of parasite exposure dose on infection rates was observed. Immunity parameters such as respiratory burst activity and lymphocyte proliferation of head kidney leukocytes recorded 18 wk post exposure were not significantly affected by either parasite or exposure dose. Granulocyte:lymphocyte ratios were elevated only within the stickleback group showing the highest infection intensity of C. lacustris, i.e. to those exposed 18 parasites.
Free Keywords:Anguillicola crassus; Camallanus lacustris; Gasterosteus aculeatus; infective dose; neozoic parasite; immune response; granulocyte : lymphocyte ratio; respiratory burst
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Version Comment:Automatic journal name synchronization
Affiliations:MPI für Limnologie/Abt. Evolutionsökologie
External Affiliations:Univ Münster, Inst Evolut & Biodivers, Anim Evolutionary Ecol Grp, D-48149 Münster, Germany
Identifiers:ISSN:0177-5103 [ID-No:1]
LOCALID:2582/S 38740 [Listen-Nummer/S-Nummer]
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