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          Institute: Max-Planck-Arbeitsgruppen für strukturelle Molekularbiologie     Collection: Arbeitsgruppe Zytoskelett     Display Documents

ID: 333625.0, Max-Planck-Arbeitsgruppen für strukturelle Molekularbiologie / Arbeitsgruppe Zytoskelett
Structural characterization of beta-sheeted oligomers formed on the pathway of oxidative prion protein aggregation in vitro
Authors:Redecke, L.; von Bergen, M.; Clos, J.; Konarev, P. V.; Svergun, D. I.; Fittschen, U. E.; Broekaert, J. A.; Bruns, O.; Georgieva, D.; Mandelkow, E.; Genov, N.; Betzel, C.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2007-02
Title of Journal:Journal of Structural Biology
Journal Abbrev.:J Struct Biol
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:308
End Page:320
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The pathology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is strongly associated with the structural conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) into a misfolded isoform (PrPSc) that assembles into amyloid fibrils. Since increased levels of oxidative stress have been linked to prion diseases, we investigated the metal-induced oxidation of human PrP (90-231). A novel in vitro conversion assay based on aerobic incubation of PrP in the presence of elemental copper pellets at pH 5 was established, resulting in aggregation of highly beta-sheeted prion proteins. We show for the first time that two discrete oligomeric species of elongated shape, approx. 25 mers and 100 mers, are formed on the pathway of oxidative PrP aggregation in vitro, which are well characterized regarding shape and size using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and electron microscopy (EM). Considering that small oligomers of highly similar size have recently been reported to show the highest specific infectivity within TSE-infected brain tissues of hamsters, the novel oligomers observed in this study are interesting candidates as agent causing neurodegenerative and/or self-propagating effects. Moreover, our results significantly strengthen the theory that oxidative stress might be an influence that leads to substantial structural conversions of PrP in vivo.
Free Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence; Copper/pharmacology; Humans; Models, Chemical; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; *Oxidative Stress/drug effects; Polymers/chemistry; PrPC Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism; Precipitation; Protein Structure, Secondary
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:Max-Planck-Arbeitsgruppen für strukturelle Molekularbiologie/Zytoskelett
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