MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Systems and Control Theory |
|Numerical approximations of a population balance model for coupled batch preferential crystallizers|
|Authors:||Qamar, S.; Angelov, I.; Elsner, M. P.; Ashfaq, A.; Seidel-Morgenstern, A.; Warnecke, G.|
|Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):||2009|
|Title of Journal:||Applied Numerical Mathematics|
|Issue / Number:||3-4|
|Abstract / Description:||This article is concerned with the numerical approximations of population balance equations for modeling coupled batch preferential crystallization processes. The current setup consists of two batch crystallizers interconnected with two fines dissolution pipes. The crystallization of both enantiomers is assumed to take place in separate crystallizers after seeding with their corresponding crystals. The withdrawn fines are assumed to be dissolved in the dissolution unit after heating. crystallizer, the crystallizer temperature before entering to the opposite crystallizer. Two types of numerical methods are proposed for the simulation of this process. The first method uses high resolution finite volume schemes, while the second method is the so-called method of characteristics. On the one hand, the finite volume schemes which were derived for general system in divergence form, are computationally efficient, give desired accuracy on coarse grids, and are robust. On the other hand, the method of characteristics is in general a powerful tool for solving growth processes, has capability to overcome numerical diffusion and dispersion, gives highly resolved solutions, as well as being computationally efficient. A numerical test problem with both isothermal and non-isothermal conditions is considered here. The numerical results show clear advantages of the proposed schemes.
© 2008 IMACS Published by Elsevier B.V.
[accessed October 27, 2008]
|Free Keywords:||Population balance models; Preferential crystallization of enantiomers; Coupled crystallizers; Fines dissolution; High resolution schemes; Method of characteristics; Nucleation and growth|
|External Publication Status:||published|
|Communicated by:||Jörg Raisch|
|Affiliations:||MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Systems and Control Theory|
MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering
|External Affiliations:||Technical University Berlin
Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg
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