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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik     Collection: Publikationen MPI-CBG 2007     Display Documents

ID: 348521.0, MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik / Publikationen MPI-CBG 2007
Roles of H2A.z in Fission Yeast Chromatin
Authors:Sakalar, Cagri
Date of Approval (YYYY-MM-DD):2007-11-13
Name of University:Technische Universität Dresden - Dresden
Copyright:not available
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Covalent histone modifications such as methylation, acetylation as well as differential incorporation of histone variants are shown to coincide with different chromatin compartments and mark active or repressed genes. Msc1 is one of the seven JmjC Domain Proteins (JDPs) in Fission Yeast. JDPs are known to function in chromatin and some act as histone demethylases. We found that Msc1 is a member of Swr1 Complex which is known to exchange histone H2A variant H2A.z in nucleosomes. We purified H2A.z as a member of Swr1 Complex and its interaction with Swr1 Complex depends on Swr1. We’ve shown that histone H4 Lysine 20 trimethylation (H4 K20 Me3) is lost in h2A.z and msc1 deletion strains and these strains are sensitive to UV. Deletion strain of h2A.z is sensitive to Camptothecin. Histones H3 and H4 are obtained in Msc1 and H2A.z purifications and we’ve shown that histone H4 from these purifications has low level of Lysine 16 acetylation (H4 K16 Ac). Deletion strains of h2A.z, swr1 and msc1 are shown to be sensitive to TSA, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor suggesting that H2A.z cooperates with HDACs. TSA treatment of wild type cells cause an increase in H4 K16 Ac and a decrease in H4 K20 Me3. Gene expression profiles of h2A.z, swr1 and msc1 are significantly similar and upregulated genes in deletion strains localize at chromosome ends (a region of 160 kb for each end). The number of stress or meiotic inducible genes is increased in deletion strains suggesting that H2A.z has a role in regulation of inducible genes. We suggest that H2A.z, in cooperation with HDACs, functions in regulation of chromatin accessibility of inducible promoters.
Document Type:PhD-Thesis
Communicated by:n. n.
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik
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