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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Biomedizin     Collection: Publikationen molekulare Biomedizin     Display Documents



ID: 357268.0, MPI für molekulare Biomedizin / Publikationen molekulare Biomedizin
A CD99-related antigen on endothelial cells mediates neutrophil but not lymphocyte extravasation in vivo
Authors:Bixel, M. G.; Petri, B.; Khandoga, A. G.; Khandoga, A.; Wolburg-Buchholz, K.; Wolburg, H.; Marz, S.; Krombach, F.; Vestweber, D.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2007
Title of Journal:Blood
Volume:109
Issue / Number:12
Start Page:5327
End Page:5336
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:CD99 is a long-known leukocyte antigen that does not belong to any of the known protein families. It was recently found on endothelial cells, where it mediates transendothelial migration of human monocytes and lymphocyte recruitment into inflamed skin in the mouse. Here, we show that CD99L2, a recently cloned, widely expressed antigen of unknown function with moderate sequence homology to CD99, is expressed on mouse leukocytes and endothelial cells. Using antibodies, we found that CD99L2 and CD99 are involved in transendothelial migration of neutrophils in vitro and in the recruitment of neutrophils into inflamed peritoneum. Intravital and electron microscopy of cremaster venules revealed that blocking CD99L2 inhibited leukocyte transmigration through the vessel wall (diapedesis) at the level of the perivascular basement membrane. We were surprised to find that, in contrast to CD99, CD99L2 was not relevant for the extravasation of lymphocytes into inflamed tissue. Although each protein promoted cell aggregation of transfected cells, endothelial CD99 and CD99L2 participated in neutrophil extravasation independent of these proteins on neutrophils. Our results establish CD99L2 as a new endothelial surface protein involved in neutrophil extravasation. In addition, this is the first evidence for a role of CD99 and CD99L2 in the process of leukocyte diapedesis in vivo.
Free Keywords:Animals Antigens, CD/analysis/*physiology Cell Adhesion *Cell Movement Cells, Cultured Endothelial Cells/*chemistry Endothelium, Vascular Inflammation/pathology Lymphocytes/physiology Mice Neutrophils/*physiology Venules/cytology
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Biomedizin
Identifiers:URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=...
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