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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents



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ID: 400170.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
The role of carbon species in heterogeneous catalytic processes: an in situ soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study
Authors:Vass, Elaine M.; Hävecker, Michael; Zafeiratos, Spiros; Teschner, Detre; Knop-Gericke, Axel; Schlögl, Robert
Language:English
Research Context:carbon species in catalytic processes
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Journal Abbrev.:J. Phys.: Condens. Matter
Volume:20
Issue / Number:18
Start Page:184016 1
End Page:184016 13
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:High pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is used to characterize heterogeneous catalytic processes. The success of the new technique based on the possibility to correlate the catalytic activity and the electronic structure of an active surface. The dynamic character of a catalyst surface can be demonstrated impressively by this technique. In this contribution the basics of high pressure XPS will be discussed. Three examples of heterogeneous catalytic reactions are presented in this contribution. The selective hydrogenation of 1-pentyne over Pd based catalysts and the dehydrogenation of n-butane and the oxidation of ethylene over V based catalysts.
It is shown, that the formation of subsurface carbons plays an important role in all the examples. The incorporated carbon changes the electronic structure of the surface and so controls the selectivity of the reaction. A change of the educts in the reaction atmosphere induces modifications of the electronic surface structure of the operation catalysts.
Free Keywords:heterogeneous catalysis; in situ XPS; 1-pentyne; selective hydrogenation; ethane oxidation; Pd; n-butane dehydrogenation; V
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Surface Analysis
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers:URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/20/18/184016 [only subscriber]
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