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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents



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ID: 403158.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
Graphitic carbon nitride materials: variation of structure and morphology and their use as metal-free catalysts
Authors:Thomas, Arne; Fischer, Anna; Goettmann, Frederic; Antonietti, Markus; Müller, Jens Oliver; Schlögl, Robert; Carlsson, Johan M.
Language:English
Research Context:Carbon in catalysis
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:Journal of Materials Chemistry
Journal Abbrev.:J. Mater. Chem.
Volume:18
Issue / Number:41
Start Page:4893
End Page:4908
Copyright:© Royal Society of Chemistry 2009
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Graphitic carbon nitride, g-C3N4, can be made by polymerization of cyanamide, dicyandiamide or melamine. Depending on reaction conditions, different materials with different degrees of condensation, properties and reactivities are obtained. The firstly formed polymeric C3N4 structure, melon, with pendant amino groups, is a highly ordered polymer. Further reaction leads to more condensed and less defective C3N4 species, based on tri-s-triazine (C6N7) units as elementary building blocks. High resolution transmission electron microscopy proves the extended two-dimensional character of the condensation motif. Due to the polymerization-type synthesis from a liquid precursor, a variety of material nanostructures such as nanoparticles or mesoporous powders can be accessed. Those nanostructures also allow fine tuning of properties, the ability for intercalation, as well as the possibility to give surface-rich materials for heterogeneous reactions. Due to the special semiconductor properties of carbon nitrides, they show unexpected catalytic activity for a variety of reactions, such as for the activation of benzene, trimerization reactions, and also the activation of carbon dioxide. Model calculations are presented to explain this unusual case of heterogeneous, metal-free catalysis. Carbon nitride can also act as a heterogeneous reactant, and a new family of metal nitride nanostructures can be accessed from the corresponding oxides.
Free Keywords:nanoparticles; Graphitic carbon nitride; HRTEM
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:MPI für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung/Kolloidchemie/Nanostructured Functional Materials
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Microstructure
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Theory
Identifiers:URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b800274f [only for subscriber]
ISSN:0959-9428
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