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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Neutrino Physics     Display Documents

ID: 411039.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Neutrino Physics
The Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso
Authors:Alimonti, A.; Arpesella, C.; Back, H.; Balata, M.; Bartolomei, D.; de Bellefon, A.; Bellini, G; Benziger, J.; Bevilacqua, A.; Bondi, D.; Bonetti, S.; Brigatti, A.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Carraro, C.; Ceccet, G.; Ceresto, R.; Chavarria, A.; Chen, A.; Chepurnov, A.; Cubauu, A.; Czech, W.; D'Angelo, D.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; De Bari, A.; De Haas, E.; Derbin, A.; Deutsch, M.; Di Credico, A.; Di Ldovico, A.; Di Pietro, G.; Eisenstein, R.; Elisei, F.; Etenko, A.; von Feiltitsch, F.; Fernholz, R.; Fomenko, K.; Ford, R.; Franco, D.; Freudiger, B.; Gärtner, M.; Galbiati, C.; Gattig, F.; Gazzana, S.; Gehman, V.; Giammarchi, M.; Giugni, D.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Goldbrunner, T.; Golubchikov, A.; Goretti, A.; Grieb, C.; Hagner, C.; Hampel, W.; Harding, E.; Hardy, S.; Hartmann, F.X.; von Hentig, R.; Hertich, T.; Heusser, G.; Hult, M.; Ianni, A.; Jaenner, K.; Joyce, M.; de Kerret, H.; Kidner, S.; Kiko, J.; Kirsten, T.; Kobychev, V.; Korga, G.; Korschnik, G.; Kozlov, Y.; Kryne, D.; La Marche, P.; Lagomarsino, V.; Laubenstein, M.; Lendvai, C.; Leung, M.; Lewke, T.; Litvinovich, E.; Loer, B.; Loeser, D.; Lombardi, P.; Ludhova, L.; Machulin, I.; Malvezzi, S.; Manco, A.; Maneira, J.; Maneschg, W.; Manno, I.; Manuzio, D.; Manuzio, G.; Marchelli, M.; Martemiano, A.; Masetti, F.; Mazzucato, U.; McCarty, K.; McKinsey, D.; Meindl, Q.; Meroni, E.; Miramonti, L.; Misiaszek, M.; Montanari, D.; Monzani, M.; Muratova, V.; Musico, P.; Neder, H.; Nelson, A.; Niedermeier, L.; Nisi, S.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Orsini, M.; Ortica, F.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Parmeggiano, S.; Parodi, M.; Pelliccia, N.; Perasso, L.; Pocar, A.; Raghavan, R.; Ranucci, G.; Rau, W.; Razeto, A.; Resconi, E.; Risso, P.; Romani, A.; Rountree, D.; Sabelnikov, A.; Saggese, P.; Saldhana, R.; Salvo, C.; Scardaoni, R.; Schimizzi, D.; Schönert, S.; Schubeck, K.H.; Shutt, T.; Siccardi, F.; Simgen, H.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smirnov, O.; Sonnenschein, A.; Soricelli, F.; Sotnikov, A.; Sukhotin, S.; Sule, C.; Suvorov, Y.; Tarasenkov, V.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Vignaud, D.; Vital, S.; Vogelaar, R.B.; Vyrodov, V.; William, B.; Wojcik, M.; Wordel, R.; Wurm, M.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zavatarelli, S.; Zuzel, G.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2009-03-11
Title of Journal:Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Journal Abbrev.:NIM A
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:568
End Page:593
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Borexino, a large volume detector for low energy neutrino spectroscopy, is currently running underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The main goal of the experiment is the real-time measurement of sub MeV solar neutrinos, and particularly of the mono energetic (862 keV) Be7 electron capture neutrinos, via neutrino-electron scattering in an ultra-pure liquid scintillator. This paper is mostly devoted to the description of the detector structure, the photomultipliers, the electronics, and the trigger and calibration systems. The real performance of the detector, which always meets, and sometimes exceeds, design expectations, is also shown. Some important aspects of the Borexino project, i.e. the fluid handling plants, the purification techniques and the filling procedures, are not covered in this paper and are, or will be, published elsewhere (see Introduction and Bibliography).
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group of M. Lindner
External Affiliations:a Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano and INFN Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano, Italy
b Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, SS 17bis Km 18+910, I-67010 Assergi (AQ), Italy
c Physics Department, Robeson Hall, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0435, USA
d Department of Physics, Princeton University, Jadwin Hall, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544-0708, USA
e Astroparticule et Cosmologie APC, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris cedex 13, France
f Department of Chemical Engineering, Princeton University, Engineering Quadrangle, Princeton, NJ 08544-5263, USA
g Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Genova and INFN Genova, via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova, Italy
h Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Pavia and INFN Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100, Pavia, Italy
i Moscow University, Moscow, Russia
j Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James Franck Strasse E15, D-85747 Garching, Germany
k St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, Russia
l RRC Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq. 1, 123182 Moscow, Russia
m J.I.N.R., Joliot Curie str. 6, 141980 Dubna (Moscow Region), Russia
n KFKI-RMKI, 1121 Budapest, Hungary
o Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, ul. Reymonta 4, PL-30059 Krakow, Poland
p Institute for Nuclear Research, MSP 03680 Kiev, Ukraine
q Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Perugia and INFN Perugia, via Elce di Sotto 8, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
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