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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik     Collection: Publikationen MPI-CBG 2008     Display Documents

ID: 414324.0, MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik / Publikationen MPI-CBG 2008
Building a spindle of the correct length in human cells requires the interaction between TPX2 and Aurora A
Authors:Bird, Alexander W; Hyman, Anthony A
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:The Journal of Cell Biology
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:289
End Page:300
Copyright:not available
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:To assemble mitotic spindles, cells nucleate microtubules from a variety of sources including chromosomes and centrosomes. We know little about how the regulation of microtubule nucleation contributes to spindle bipolarity and spindle size. The Aurora A kinase activator TPX2 is required for microtubule nucleation from chromosomes as well as for spindle bipolarity. We use bacterial artificial chromosome-based recombineering to introduce point mutants that block the interaction between TPX2 and Aurora A into human cells. TPX2 mutants have very short spindles but, surprisingly, are still bipolar and segregate chromosomes. Examination of microtubule nucleation during spindle assembly shows that microtubules fail to nucleate from chromosomes. Thus, chromosome nucleation is not essential for bipolarity during human cell mitosis when centrosomes are present. Rather, chromosome nucleation is involved in spindle pole separation and setting spindle length. A second Aurora A-independent function of TPX2 is required to bipolarize spindles.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Version Comment:Automatic journal name synchronization
Communicated by:n.n.
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik
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