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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik     Collection: Publikationen MPI-CBG 2008     Display Documents

ID: 414347.0, MPI für molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik / Publikationen MPI-CBG 2008
ICA512 signaling enhances pancreatic beta-cell proliferation by regulating cyclins D through STATs
Authors:Mziaut, Hassan; Kersting, Stephan; Knoch, Klaus-Peter; Fan, Wan-Hung; Trajkovski, Mirko; Erdmann, Katja; Bergert, Hendrik; Ehehalt, Florian; Saeger, Hans-Detlev; Solimena, Michele
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:674
End Page:679
Copyright:not available
Audience:Experts Only
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:Changes in metabolic demands dynamically regulate the total mass of adult pancreatic beta-cells to adjust insulin secretion and preserve glucose homeostasis. Glucose itself is a major regulator of beta-cell proliferation by inducing insulin secretion and activating beta-cell insulin receptors. Here, we show that islet cell autoantigen 512 (ICA512)/IA-2, an intrinsic tyrosine phosphatase-like protein of the secretory granules, activates a complementary pathway for beta-cell proliferation. On granule exocytosis, the ICA512 cytoplasmic domain is cleaved and the resulting cytosolic fragment (ICA512-CCF) moves into the nucleus where it enhances the levels of phosphorylated STAT5 and STAT3, thereby inducing insulin gene transcription and granule biogenesis. We now show that knockdown of ICA512 decreases cyclin D1 levels and proliferation of insulinoma INS-1 cells, whereas beta-cell regeneration is reduced in partially pancreatectomized ICA512-/- mice. Conversely, overexpression of ICA512-CCF increases both cyclin D1 and D2 levels and INS-1 cell proliferation. Up-regulation of cyclin D1 and D2 by ICA512-CCF is affected by knockdown of STAT3 and STAT5, respectively, whereas it does not require insulin signaling. These results identify ICA512 as a regulator of cyclins D and beta-cell proliferation through STATs and may have implication for diabetes therapy.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:n.n.
Affiliations:MPI f�r molekulare Zellbiologie und Genetik
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