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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



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ID: 421474.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The T Tauri star RY Tauri as a case study of the inner regions of circumstellar dust disks
Authors:Schegerer, A. A.; Wolf, S.; Ratzka, Th; Leinert, Ch
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume:478
Start Page:779
End Page:793
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Aims.We study the inner region (~1.0 AU up to a few 10 AUs) of the circumstellar disk around the ``classical'' T Tauri star <ASTROBJ>RY Tau</ASTROBJ>. Our aim is to find a physical description satisfying the available interferometric data, obtained with the mid-infrared interferometric instrument at the Very Large Telescope Interferometer, as well as the spectral energy distribution in the visible to millimeter wavelength range. We also compare the findings with the results of similar studies, including those of intermediate-mass Herbig Ae/Be stars. Methods: Our analysis is done within the framework of a passively heated circumstellar disk, which is optionally supplemented by the effects of accretion and an added envelope. To achieve a more consistent and realistic model, we used our continuum transfer code MC3D. In addition, we studied the shape of the 10 mu m silicate emission feature in terms of the underlying dust population, both for single-dish and for interferometric measurements. Results: We show that a modestly flaring disk model with accretion can explain both the observed spectral energy distribution and the mid-infrared visibilities obtained with the mid-infrared infrared instrument. We found an interesting ambiguity: a circumstellar active disk model with an added envelope, and a lower accretion rate than in the active disk model without envelope, could represent the observations equally as well. This type of model with the envelope should be considered a viable alternative in future models of other T Tauri stars. The approach of a disk with a puffed-up inner rim wall and the influence of a stellar companion is also discussed. We also investigate the influence of various fit parameters on the outcome of the radiative transfer modeling. From the study of the silicate emission feature we see evidence for dust evolution in a T Tauri star, with a decreasing fraction of small amorphous and an increasing fraction of crystalline particles closer to the star. Appendix A and Fig. A1 are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Free Keywords:infrared: stars; accretion; accretion disks; astrochemistry; stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks; radiative transfer; instrumentation: interferometers
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008A%26A...478..779... [ID No:1]
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