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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 421578.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Tracing the mass-dependent star formation history of late-type galaxies using X-Ray emission: results from the Chandra Deep Fields
Authors:Lehmer, B. D.; Brandt, W. N.; Alexander, D. M.; Bell, E. F.; Hornschemeier, A. E.; McIntosh, D. H.; Bauer, F. E.; Gilli, R.; Mainieri, V.; Schneider, D. P.; Silverman, J. D.; Steffen, A. T.; Tozzi, P.; Wolf, C.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Start Page:1163
End Page:1182
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report on the X-ray evolution over the last ~9 Gyr of cosmic history (i.e., since z=1.4) of late-type galaxy populations in the Chandra Deep Field-North and Extended Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-N and E-CDF-S, respectively; jointly CDFs) survey fields. Our late-type galaxy sample consists of 2568 galaxies, which were identified using rest-frame optical colors and HST morphologies. We utilized X-ray stacking analyses to investigate the X-ray emission from these galaxies, emphasizing the contributions from normal galaxies that are not dominated by active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Over this redshift range, we find significant increases (factors of ~5-10) in the X-ray-to-optical mean luminosity ratio (LX/LB) and the X-ray-to-stellar mass mean ratio (LX/M*) for galaxy populations selected by LB and M*, respectively. When analyzing galaxy samples selected via SFR, we find that the mean X-ray-to-SFR ratio (LX/SFR) is consistent with being constant over the entire redshift range for galaxies with SFR = 1-100 Msolar yr-1, thus demonstrating that X-ray emission can be used as a robust indicator of star formation activity out to z~1.4. We find that the star formation activity (as traced by X-ray luminosity) per unit stellar mass in a given redshift bin increases with decreasing stellar mass over the redshift range z = 0.2-1, which is consistent with previous studies of how star formation activity depends on stellar mass. Finally, we extend our X-ray analyses to Lyman break galaxies at z~3 and estimate that LX/LB at z~3 is similar to its value at z=1.4.
Free Keywords:Cosmology: Observations; Galaxies: Active; Galaxies: General; Galaxies: Spiral; Stars: Formation; Surveys; X-Rays: Galaxies; X-Rays: General
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ApJ...681.1163L [ID No:1]
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