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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 421639.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The complete Census of 70 μm-bright debris disks within ``the formation and evolution of planetary systems'' Spitzer Legacy Survey of Sun-like stars
Authors:Hillenbrand, Lynne A.; Carpenter, John M.; Kim, Jinyoung Serena; Meyer, Michael R.; Backman, Dana E.; Moro-Martí­n, Amaya; Hollenbach, David J.; Hines, Dean C.; Pascucci, Ilaria; Bouwman, Jeroen
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2008
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Start Page:630
End Page:656
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report detection of cool dust surrounding solar-type stars from observations performed as part of the Spitzer Legacy Science Program FEPS. From a sample of 328 stars having ages ~0.003-3 Gyr we have selected sources with 70 mum flux densities indicating excess in their SEDs above expected photospheric emission. Six strong excess sources are likely primordial circumstellar disks, remnants of the star formation process. Another 25 sources having >=3 sigma excesses are associated with dusty debris disks, generated by collisions within planetesimal belts that are possibly stirred by existing planets. Six additional sources with >=2 sigma excesses require confirmation as debris disks. In our analysis, most (>80%) 70 mum excess sources have >=3 sigma excesses at 33 mum as well, while only a minority (<40%) have >=3 sigma excesses at 24 mum. The rising SEDs toward (and perhaps beyond) 70 mum imply dust temperatures <45-85 K for debris in equilibrium with the stellar radiation field. From fitted single-temperature blackbody models we infer bulk dust properties such as characteristic temperature, location, fractional luminosity, and mass. For >1/3 of the debris sources we find that multiple temperature components are suggested, implying a dust distribution extending over many tens of AU. Because the disks are dominated by collisional processes, the parent body (planetesimal) belts may be extended as well. Preliminary assessment of the statistics of cold debris around Sun-like stars shows that ~10% of FEPS targets with masses between 0.6 and 1.8 Msolar and ages between 30 Myr and 3 Gyr exhibit excess 70 mum emission. We find that fractional excess amplitudes appear higher for younger stars and that there may be a trend in 70 mum excess frequency with stellar mass.
Free Keywords:Stars: Circumstellar Matter; Infrared: General; Kuiper Belt; Stars: Planetary Systems; stars: individual (HD 104860); stars: individual (HD 105); Stars: Individual: Henry Draper Number: HD 107146; stars: individual (HD 122652); stars: individual (HD 141943); stars: individual (HD 14306); stars: individual (HD 145229); stars: individual (HD 150706); stars: individual (HD 17925); stars: individual (HD 187897); stars: individual (HD 191089); stars: individual (HD 201219); stars: individual (HD 202917); stars: individual (HD 204277); stars: individual (HD 206374); stars: individual (HD 209253); stars: individual (HD 219498); stars: individual (HD 22179); stars: individual (HD 25457); stars: individual (HD 31392); Stars: Individual: Henry Draper Number: HD 35850; stars: individual (HD 37484); stars: individual (HD 377); stars: individual (HD 38207); Stars: Individual: Henry Draper Number: HD 38529; stars: individual (HD 61005); stars: individual (HD 6963); stars: individual (HD 70573); stars: individual (HD 72905); stars: individual (HD 85301); stars: individual (HD 8907 MML 17); stars: individual (PDS 66); stars: individual ([PZ99] J161411.0-230536); stars: individual (RX J1111.7-7620); stars: individual (RX J1842.9-3532); stars: individual (RX J1852.3-3700)
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ApJ...677..630H [ID No:1]
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