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          Institute: MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme     Collection: Bioprocess Engineering     Display Documents

ID: 436057.0, MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Bioprocess Engineering
Charakterisierung der Biomassezusammensetzung von MDCK-Zellen in verschiedenen Kultivierungssystemen
Authors:Meise, M.
Date of Approval (YYYY-MM-DD):2009
Type of Thesis (e.g.Diploma):diplom
Name of University:Fachhochschule Emden/Leer
Place of University:Emden
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:A quantitative understanding of intracellular processes, especially fluxes and metabolic
regulation can help to optimize biotechnological production processes. Metabolic Flux Analysis
is applied to quantify intracellular fluxes from extracellular concentration measurements and
biomass growth. For correct calculation of biomass fluxes, the biomass composition has to be
characterized. In a population of adherent cells, the cell size and the biomass composition are
changing during time course of cultivation. In this work the biomass composition, focusing on
protein, lipid, DNA and RNA content, of the adherent growing MDCK cell line was characterized
during growth in different culture systems.
Cultivations in six-well plates showed strong variations in biomass composition. In the
attachment- and lag-phase the content of the most intracellular biomass components increased
rapidly together with the cell size more than two-fold. Afterwards, an exponential decrease could
be observed for the cell size and the contents of the most intracellular components. The ratios of
protein, DNA and RNA to cell dry weight decreased while the lipid content was increasing.
The growth behavior of the cells in a bioreactor cultivation using MicroHexTM microcarriers as
attachment surface showed big differences compared to cultures in six-well plates. While ratios
of DNA and RNA to cell dry weight were comparable, the lipid content was nearly doubled and
the protein content was decreased. Presumably, the differences can be related to (1) the
segmented growth area that leads to an uneven distribution of cells on microcarriers and (2)
hydrodynamic forces that lead to an altered cell physiology (the maximum cell size was smaller
in bioreactor cultures).
The functional relation between biomass components and the cell volume distribution was
analyzed using multiple linear regression. For both cultivation systems high functional relations
could be observed (R2>0.9), which allows rapid estimation of the biomass components.
However, the reconstruction of the cell volume from the size distribution showed that the
arrangement of the distribution could be further optimized.
Document Type:Thesis
Communicated by:Udo Reichl
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Bioprocess Engineering
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