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          Institute: MPI für Evolutionsbiologie     Collection: Ecophysiology     Display Documents

ID: 445908.0, MPI für Evolutionsbiologie / Ecophysiology
Phylogenetic and functional marker genes to study ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms (AOM) in the environment
Authors:Junier, Pilar; Molina, Verónica; Dorador, Cristina; Hadas, Ora; Kim, Ok-Sun; Junier, Thomas; Witzel, Karl-Paul; Imhoff, Johannes F.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2009-09-24
Title of Journal:Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Journal Abbrev.:Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:425
End Page:440
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The oxidation of ammonia plays a significant role in the transformation of fixed nitrogen in the global nitrogen cycle. Autotrophic ammonia oxidation is known in three groups of microorganisms. Aerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea convert ammonia into nitrite during nitrification. Anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (anammox) oxidize ammonia using nitrite as electron acceptor and producing atmospheric dinitrogen. The isolation and cultivation of all three groups in the laboratory are quite problematic due to their slow growth rates, poor growth yields, unpredictable lag phases, and sensitivity to certain organic compounds. Culture-independent approaches have contributed importantly to our understanding of the diversity and distribution of these microorganisms in the environment. In this review, we present an overview of approaches that have been used for the molecular study of ammonia oxidizers and discuss their application in different environments.
Free Keywords:AOB; AOA; Anammox; functional marker; phylogenetic marker
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Evolutionsbiologie/Abt. Ökophysiologie
External Affiliations:Laboratory of Microbial Ecology, University of Neuchatel, 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland; Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CE 1 644 (Centre Est), Station 6, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland;
Departamento de Oceanografía & Centro de Investigación Oceanográfica en el Pacífico Sudoriental, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile; Departamento de Acuicultura, Facultad de Recursos del Mar, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile; Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, The Yigal Allon Kinneret Limnological Laboratory, P.O. Box 447, Migdal, 14950, Israel; School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, 56-1 Shillim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742, Republic of Korea; Computational Evolutionary Genomics Group, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland; Leibniz-Institute of Marine Sciences IFM-GEOMAR, Duesternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany
Identifiers:ISSN:0175-7598 (print) [ID-No:1]
ISSN:1432-0614 (online) [ID-No:2]
DOI:10.1007/s00253-009-2228-9 [ID-No:3]
LOCALID:2736/S 39059 [Listen-Nummer/S-Nummer]
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