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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 448058.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
JKCS 041: a colour-detected galaxy cluster at zphot ~ 1.9 with deep potential well as confirmed by X-ray data
Authors:Andreon, S.; Maughan, B.; Trinchieri, G.; Kurk, J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2009
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Journal Abbrev.:A & A
Start Page:147
End Page:157
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:We report the discovery of JKCS 041, a massive near-infrared selected cluster of galaxies at zphot~1.9. The cluster was originally discovered using a modified red-sequence method and also detected in follow-up Chandra data as an extended X-ray source. Optical and near-infrared imaging data alone allow us to show that the detection of JKCS 041 is secure, even in the absence of the X-ray data. We investigate the possibility that JKCS 041 is not a galaxy cluster at z ~ 1.9, and find other explanations unlikely. The X-ray detection and statistical arguments rule out the hypothesis that JKCS 041 is actually a blend of groups along the line of sight, and we find that the X-ray emitting gas is too hot and dense to be a filament projected along the line of sight. The absence of a central radio source and the extent and morphology of the X-ray emission argue against the possibility that the X-ray emission comes from inverse Compton scattering of CMB photons by a radio plasma. The cluster has an X-ray core radius of 36.6^+8.3-7.6 arcsec (about 300 kpc), an X-ray temperature of 7.4^+5.3-3.3 keV, a bolometric X-ray luminosity within R500 of (7.6±0.5) × 1044 erg s-1, and an estimated mass of M500 = 2.9^+3.8-2.4 × 1014 M_o, the last derived under the usual (and strong) assumptions. The cluster is composed of 16.4 ± 6.3 galaxies within 1.5 arcmin (750 kpc) brighter than K ~ 20.7 mag. The high redshift of JKCS 041 is determined from the detection colour, from the detection of the cluster in a galaxy sample formed by zphot > 1.6 galaxies and from a photometric redshift based on 11-band spectral energy distribution fitting. By means of the latter we find the cluster redshift to be 1.84 < z < 2.12 at 68% confidence. Therefore, JKCS 041 is a cluster of galaxies at zphot ~ 1.9 with a deep potential well, making it the most distant cluster with extended X-ray emission known.
Free Keywords:galaxies: evolution; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: clusters: individual: JKCS 041; cosmology: dark matter; X-rays: galaxies: clusters; methods: statistical
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009A%26A...507..147... [ID No:1]
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