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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



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ID: 448284.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
EX Lupi in quiescence
Authors:Sipos, N.; Ãbrahám, P.; Acosta-Pulido, J.; Juhász, A.; Kóspál, Á; Kun, M.; Moór, A.; Setiawan, J.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2009
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Journal Abbrev.:A & A
Volume:507
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:881
End Page:889
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Aims: EX Lupi is the prototype of EXors, a subclass of low-mass pre-main sequence stars whose episodic eruptions are attributed to temporarily increased accretion. In quiescence the optical and near-infrared properties of EX Lup cannot be distinguished from those of normal T Tau stars. Here we investigate whether it is the circumstellar disk structure that makes EX Lup an atypical Class II object. During outburst the disk might undergo structural changes. Our characterization of the quiescent disk is intended to serve as a reference for studying the physical changes related to one of EX Lupi's strongest known eruptions in 2008 Jan-Sep. <BR />Methods: We searched the literature for photometric and spectroscopic observations including ground-based, IRAS, ISO, and Spitzer data. After constructing the optical-infrared spectral energy distribution (SED), we compared it with the typical SEDs of other young stellar objects and modeled it using the Monte Carlo radiative transfer code RADMC. We determined the mineralogical composition of the 10 μm silicate emission feature and also gave a description of the optical and near-infrared spectra. <BR />Results: The SED is similar to that of a typical T Tauri star in most aspects, though EX Lup emits higher flux above 7 μm. The quiescent phase data suggest low-level variability in the optical-mid-infrared domain. By integrating the optical and infrared fluxes, we derived a bolometric luminosity of 0.7 Lȯ. The 10 μm silicate profile could be fitted by a mixture consisting of amorphous silicates, but no crystalline silicates were found. A modestly flaring disk model with a total mass of 0.025 Mȯ and an outer radius of 150 AU was able to reproduce the observed SED. The derived inner radius of 0.2 AU is larger than the sublimation radius, and this inner gap sets EX Lup apart from typical T Tauri stars. Full Table 3 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/507/881
Free Keywords:stars: formation; stars: circumstellar matter; stars: individual: EX Lup; infrared: stars
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009A%26A...507..881... [ID No:1]
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