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          Institute: MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut)     Collection: Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts     Display Documents



ID: 474511.0, MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut) / Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts
Anaphylactic shock depends on endothelial Gq/G11
Authors:Korhonen, H.; Fisslthaler, B.; Moers, A.; Wirth, A.; Habermehl, D.; Wieland, T.; Schutz, G.; Wettschureck, N.; Fleming, I.; Offermanns, S.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2009
Title of Journal:J Exp Med
Volume:206
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:411
End Page:20
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction involving multiple organs including the bronchial and cardiovascular system. Most anaphylactic mediators, like platelet-activating factor (PAF), histamine, and others, act through G protein-coupled receptors, which are linked to the heterotrimeric G proteins G(q)/G(11), G(12)/G(13), and G(i). The role of downstream signaling pathways activated by anaphylactic mediators in defined organs during anaphylactic reactions is largely unknown. Using genetic mouse models that allow for the conditional abrogation of G(q)/G(11)- and G(12)/G(13)-mediated signaling pathways by inducible Cre/loxP-mediated mutagenesis in endothelial cells (ECs), we show that G(q)/G(11)-mediated signaling in ECs is required for the opening of the endothelial barrier and the stimulation of nitric oxide formation by various inflammatory mediators as well as by local anaphylaxis. The systemic effects of anaphylactic mediators like histamine and PAF, but not of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), are blunted in mice with endothelial G alpha(q)/G alpha(11) deficiency. Mice with endothelium-specific G alpha(q)/G alpha(11) deficiency, but not with G alpha(12)/G alpha(13) deficiency, are protected against the fatal consequences of passive and active systemic anaphylaxis. This identifies endothelial G(q)/G(11)-mediated signaling as a critical mediator of fatal systemic anaphylaxis and, hence, as a potential new target to prevent or treat anaphylactic reactions.
Free Keywords:Anaphylaxis/*metabolism; Animals; Blood Pressure; Body Temperature; Endothelial Cells/*metabolism; GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gq-G11/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism; Mice; Nitric Oxide/metabolism; Phosphorylation; Signal Transduction/*physiology; Telemetry; rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für physiologische und klinische Forschung
External Affiliations:Institute of Pharmacology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
Identifiers:ISSN:1540-9538 (Electronic) 1540-9538 (Linking)
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=..
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