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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents

ID: 475882.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
Morphology and microstructure of Li/MgO catalysts for the oxidative coupling of methane
Authors:Zavyalova, Ulyana; Geske, Michael; Horn, Raimund; Weinberg, Gisela; Frandsen, Wiebke; Schuster, Manfred; Schlögl, Robert
Research Context:oxidative coupling of methane
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011-06-14
Title of Journal:ChemCatChem
Issue / Number:6
Start Page:949
End Page:959
Title of Issue:Advanced Microscopy
Copyright:© 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:A series of catalysts for the oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) based on MgO with a varying content of Li was synthesized by the gel combustion method. The resulting catalytically active systems were studied by a combination of TEM and SEM methods. Samples with low abundance of Li exhibit a hierarchical pore system built from tubular structures made from primary MgO particles. Upon calcination at 1073 K these particles undergo a change in shape from cubic via truncated octahedral to platelet morphologies depending on the content of Li in the precursor. Morphological indications were found for the role of Li as flux in this transformation. The modification of the primary particle morphology led to a drastic change in secondary structure from open sponges to compact sintered plates upon addition of Li above 10 wt% to the precursor. The microstructure of the primary particles reveals two families of high-energy structures namely edge-and-step structures and protrusions on flat terraces. A relation was found between catalytic function in OCM and the transformation from cubic to complex terminated particles. Based on these findings it is suggested that sites active for the coupling reaction of methane are related to the protrusions arising from segregation of oxygen vacancies to the surface of MgO.
Free Keywords:electron microscopy; high-temperature chemistry; heterogeneous catalysis; methane coupling; nanostructures
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Micro- and Nanostructure / Carbon
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers:URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201000098 [only for subscriber]
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