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          Institute: Fritz-Haber-Institut     Collection: Inorganic Chemistry     Display Documents



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ID: 478146.0, Fritz-Haber-Institut / Inorganic Chemistry
Structural properties of an unsupported model Pt–Sn catalyst and its catalytic properties in cyclohexene transformation
Authors:Paál, Zoltan; Wootsch, Attilla; Teschner, Detre; Lázár, K.; Sajó, I. E.; Győrffy, Nóra; Weinberg, Gisela; Knop-Gericke, Axel; Schlögl, Robert
Language:English
Research Context:bimetallic catalyst
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011-01-04
Title of Journal:Applied Catalysis A
Journal Abbrev.:Appl. Catal. A
Volume:391
Issue / Number:1-2
Start Page:377
End Page:385
Copyright:© 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Unsupported PtSn powder was prepared by direct reduction of a solution containing both H2PtCl6 and SnCl4 using hydrazine as the reducing agent. The dark gray powder was characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX analysis, Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, XPS depth profiling after different treatments: presintering, O2 and H2 treatments. SEM showed a conglomerate of small spherical particles (0.2–1.5 μm). They contained Pt, various PtSn alloy phases and tin-oxide(s). EDX showed 70–75% Pt and 25–30% Sn on various grains. The mixture of Pt3Sn and SnO2 represented the final stabilized state obtained upon repeated heating in air and, finally, H2. This mixed Pt–Sn was catalytically inactive in “structure-sensitive” reactions, such as methylcyclopentane ring opening or cyclohexane dehydrogenation, but was active in “structure-insensitive” hydrogenation and also in the dehydrogenation of cyclohexene. The relative importance of the latter two reactions depended strongly on the previous treatments of the catalyst—i.e., on its composition, the final stage (Pt3Sn and SnO2) being most active, with cyclohexane as the main product.
Free Keywords:PtSn; Bimetallic catalyst; X-ray diffraction; Mössbauer spectroscopy; XPS; Electron microscopy; Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation of cyclohexene
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Robert Schlögl
Affiliations:Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Electronic Structure and Adsorption / Metals
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Micro- and Nanostructure / Carbon
Fritz-Haber-Institut/Inorganic Chemistry/Inorganic Chemistry
External Affiliations:Institute of Isotopes, Hung. Acad. Sci., POB 77, Budapest H-1525, Hungary
Chemical Research Center, Hung. Acad. Sci., POB 17, Budapest H-1525, Hungary
Identifiers:URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2010.05.047 [only for subscriber]
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