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          Institute: MPI für Physik Komplexer Systeme     Collection: Structure formation and active systems     Display Documents

ID: 478799.0, MPI für Physik Komplexer Systeme / Structure formation and active systems
Interfaces between competing patterns in reaction diffusion systems withnonlocal coupling
Authors:Nicola, E. M.
Date of Approval (YYYY-MM-DD):2002
Name of University:Technische Universität
Place of University:Dresden
Physical Description
(e.g. Total Number of Pages):
Abstract / Description:In this thesis we investigate the formation of patterns in a simple activator-inhibitor model supplemented with an inhibitory nonlocal coupling term. This model exhibits a wave
instability for slow inhibitor diffusion, while, for fast inhibitor diffusion, a Turing instability is found. For moderate values of the inhibitor diffusion these two instabilities occur
simultaneously at a codimension-2 wave-Turing instability. We perform a weakly nonlinear analysis of the model in the neighbourhood of this codimension-2 instability. The
resulting amplitude equations consist in a set of coupled Ginzburg-Landau equations. These equations predict that the model exhibits bistability between travelling waves
and Turing patterns. We present a study of interfaces separating wave and Turing patterns arising from the codimension-2 instability. We study theoretically and
numerically the dynamics of such interfaces in the framework of the amplitude equations and compare these results with numerical simulations of the model near and far away
from the codimension-2 instability. Near the instability, the dynamics of interfaces separating small amplitude Turing patterns and travelling waves is well described by the
amplitude equations, while, far from the codimension-2 instability, we observe a locking of the interface velocities. This locking mechanism is imposed by the absence of
defects near the interfaces and is responsible for the formation of drifting pattern domains, i.e. moving localised patches of travelling waves embedded in a Turing pattern
background and vice versa.
Document Type:PhD-Thesis
Communicated by:Heidrun Näther
Affiliations:MPI für Physik Komplexer Systeme/Groups of young researchers/Pattern Formation in Reaction-Diffusion Processes
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